Manila Declaration on the Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes
New York, 15 November 1982
  •  Introductory Note 
  •  Procedural History 
  •  Documents 
  •  Video 
  •  Audio 
By Emmanuel Roucounas
Professor of International Law, University of Athens
Member of the Academy of Athens*

العربية Arabic 中文Chinese EnglishEnglish Français French РусскийRussian  Español Spanish

Introduction

The Manila Declaration on the Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes (hereinafter Manila Declaration or Declaration) was approved by resolution 37/10 (under the item Peaceful settlement of disputes between States)1 by the United Nations General Assembly on 15 November 1982, on the basis of a text prepared by the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization at its 1980 session, held in Manila, the Philippines. The Declaration is the first important instrument of the work of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization, and one of its significant achievements.2

The Manila Declaration was elaborated on the initiative of non-aligned countries (Egypt, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Philippines, Romania, Sierra Leone, and Tunisia).3

United Nations, New York: Mr. Romulo (Philippines)This initiative of non-aligned countries might explain why the initial draft contained so many references to “equal rights and self-determination of peoples”, the “need for all States to desist from any forcible action which deprives peoples, particularly under colonial and racist regimes or other forms of alien domination, of their inalienable right to self-determination, freedom and independence” and the “right of these peoples to struggle to that end and to seek and receive support”. Such references, more strongly worded in the beginning, were softened in the process of negotiation that led to the adoption of the Declaration by the General Assembly by consensus. It is important to keep in mind that the context in which the Manila Declaration was negotiated and adopted was that of the difficult relations between the East and West, and of the intent of the non-aligned countries to seek clarification of existing international law in conjunction with their aspirations.

Nevertheless, one should not underestimate the fact that the approval of the Declaration by consensus brought together States that had already consented to the contents of Article 33 of the Charter of the United Nations and States which subsequently became Members of the United Nations. Hence, the Declaration was adopted with the active contribution of United Nations Members belonging to the various groups existing at that period.

For the first time, a normative text develops a comprehensive plan and a consolidation of the legal framework of peaceful settlement of international disputes. The Declaration builds upon and promotes general international law, the Charter of the United Nations, in particular Article 33, and other international instruments such as the Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations (General Assembly resolution 2625 (XXV), 24 October 1970), the American Treaty on Pacific Settlement (Pact of Bogotà, 30 April 1948), the European Convention on the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes (Strasbourg, 29 April 1957), the 1928 General Act for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes (Geneva, 26 September 1928, revised by the United Nations General Assembly in 1949).

The Declaration contains a preamble and two operative parts. Part I encompasses the applicable principles and rules of peaceful settlement of international disputes as such. Part II is devoted to the ways and means provided for by the Charter and by general international law with emphasis on the role of the competent organs of the United Nations to this effect.

Preamble

In its preamble, the Declaration reaffirms two fundamental principles of the Charter, namely the obligation of all States to settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered, and the obligation for all States to refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations.

The preamble underlines the fact that the Charter of the United Nations embodies an essential framework and the means for the peaceful settlement of international disputes. It further reiterates the principle of non-intervention and refers to the aforementioned Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States.

The preamble also stresses the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples and the need for all States to desist from any forcible action which deprives peoples, particularly peoples under colonial and racist regimes or other forms of alien domination, of their inalienable right to self-determination, freedom and independence. It concludes by recalling the normative efforts of the international society with regard to the principles and rules concerning the peaceful settlement of international disputes and expresses the intention of the drafters to encourage the progressive development of international law and its codification. Nevertheless, until now, the International Law Commission did not produce such a general instrument to this effect.

Part I: Identification of Applicable Principles and Rules

In Part I, the Declaration enunciates the principle of prevention of disputes that are likely to affect friendly relations among States, and refers to good faith. It is significant that the principle of good faith appears expressis verbis five times in the text (Part I, paras. 1, 5 and 11; Part II, paras. 2 and 6). Furthermore, the text emphasizes that States have the free choice of means (Part I, para. 3), and that disputes shall be settled exclusively by peaceful means.

As far as applicable law is concerned, Part I, paragraph 3, recalls the relevant obligations under the Charter, the principles of justice and those of general international law. Part I, paragraph 5, repeats the non-exhaustive list of means (negotiation, inquiry, conciliation, mediation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional arrangements or agencies or other peaceful means of settlement, including good offices), while Part I, paragraph 13, explicitly excludes any method of settlement that involves the use or threat of force. The express reference to good offices appears to be a novelty in relation to the wording of the Charter. On the other hand, in Part I, paragraph 10, the text seems to give preference to meaningful negotiation (obviously in the sense that the International Court of Justice utilizes the expression) and this can be understood in the context of the circumstances prevailing at the time of the adoption of the Declaration.

Part I, paragraph 6, stresses the role of the regional arrangements in the process of the peaceful settlement of disputes, recognizing a temporal priority, notwithstanding the primary role of the Security Council. But more explicitly than Article 52, paragraph 4, of the Charter, it adds that this does not preclude States from bringing any dispute to the attention of the Security Council or the General Assembly.

The text also provides that States parties to an international dispute shall refrain from any action that may aggravate the situation (Part I, para. 8), and calls on States to conclude agreements or include in agreements effective clauses for the peaceful settlement of disputes (Part I, para. 9). Part I, paragraph 12, amplifies the Declaration of Friendly Relations’ invitation to resort to peaceful settlement of disputes in the exercise of the right to self-determination.

Part. II: The Role of the United Nations and its Organs

The second part of the Declaration exposes the ways and means by which the United Nations system can contribute to the peaceful settlement of international disputes. Specific presentations are made with respect to the role of the four principal organs whose contribution is considered to be important, namely the General Assembly, the Security Council, the International Court of Justice and the Secretary-General. In addition, the Declaration specifically mentions the role that the subsidiary organs established by the General Assembly and the Security Council may have in the process of the peaceful settlement of international disputes (Part II, para. 3 (c)).

The Declaration also contains provisions widening the role that the General Assembly, actually or potentially, could play as a forum for consideration of international disputes as well as for consultations leading to the peaceful settlement (Part II, para. 3).

With respect to the Security Council, the Declaration underlines its primary role, in accordance with the Charter, in the area of the settlement of disputes or of any situation the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security. A specific provision stresses the obligation under Article 37 of the Charter of Members States to refer to the Security Council such a dispute to which they are parties if they fail to settle it by the means indicated in Article 33 of the Charter (Part II, para. 4 (a)). The text further recommends making greater use of the fact-finding capacity of the Security Council in accordance with the Charter (Part II, para. 4 (d)), a suggestion whose actuality should not be underestimated.

The Declaration further emphasizes that States “should be fully aware” of the role of the International Court of Justice, which is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, for the settlement of legal disputes among them (Part II, para. 5). Of course, the emphasis does not affect the possibility of the parties to a dispute, to choose another judicial organ for the settlement of their dispute, in accordance with the fundamental principle of the free choice of means. Furthermore, with the intent to strengthen the role of the International Court of Justice, the Declaration invites States to recognize as compulsory the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice, in accordance with Article 36 of its Statute, and/or to insert in treaties, whenever appropriate, clauses providing for the submission to the International Court of Justice of disputes which may arise from the interpretation or application of such treaties.

The Declaration also underscores the responsibilities of the Secretary-General in the field of the peaceful settlement of international disputes, in particular the role of early-warning towards the other organs of the United Nations with respect to disputes that may threaten international peace and security.

__________________________
* Comment established with the assistance of I. Stribis and C. Salonidis, researchers at the Academy of Athens.


Related Materials

A. Legal Instruments


Revised General Act for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, New York, 28 April 1949, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 71, p. 101.

American Treaty on Pacific Settlement, Pact of Bogotà, 30 April 1948, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 30, p. 55.

European Convention for the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes, Strasbourg, 29 April 1957, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 320, p. 243.

Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, General Assembly resolution 2625 of  24 October 1970.

B. Documents

Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization (A/34/33).

C. Jurisprudence

International Court of Justice, Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Rwanda), Jurisdiction of the Court and Admissibility of the Application, Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 2006, Declaration of Judge Elaraby, at para. 8.

D. Doctrine

C. Economidès, La Déclaration de Manille sur le Règlement Pacifique des Différends Internationaux, Annuaire Français de Droit International, (1982), pp. 613-627.

S. Ratner, “Image and Reality in the United Nations’ Peaceful Settlement of Disputes”, European Journal of International Law, (1995), vol. 6, No. 1.

__________________________
1 Note the difference of terminology used in the resolution that refers specifically to “disputes between States”, while the Declaration uses the wider term “international disputes”.
2 Some other important texts of the Special Committee are the Declaration on the Prevention and Removal of Disputes and Situations Which May Threaten International Peace and Security and on the Role of the United Nations in this Field, General Assembly resolution 43/51 of 5 December 1988; the United Nations Model Rules for the Conciliation of Disputes between States, General Assembly resolution 50/50 of 11 December 1995; and the resolution on Prevention and peaceful settlement of disputes, General Assembly resolution 57/26 of 19 November 2002.
3 This initiative followed a proposal (A/34/33 (Supp), para. 13) prepared by the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization at the request of the General Assembly (resolution 33/94, para. 3 (a)). The proposal was considered during the Special Committee's session held in 1979. During its sessions held from 1980 to 1982, in accordance with the mandate given to it by the General Assembly (resolutions 34/147, paras. 2 and 4; 35/160, para. 4; 35/164, paras. 2 and 4; 36/110, para. 4; 36/122, paras. 2 and 5), the Special Committee and its Working Group on the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes elaborated a draft declaration (A/C.6/37/L.2), which, following its consideration by the Sixth Committee, was submitted to the General Assembly for approval.


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Consideration of the topic of peaceful settlement of international disputes started in 1978, in the context of the work of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization (established by General Assembly resolution 3499 (XXX) of 15 December 1975). During the Special Committee’s session held at United Nations Headquarters from 27 February to 24 March 1978, two working papers concerning this topic were submitted, respectively, by the United States (A/AC.182/WG/21) and Algeria (A/AC.182/WG/22), and discussed by the Committee. Although progress was made, the Special Committee was unable to complete its work (see A/33/33). Following its consideration of the report of the Special Committee, at its thirty-third session, the General Assembly adopted resolution 33/94 of 16 December 1978, by which it requested the Special Committee to “complete the listing and examination of proposals made by Member States on the question of peaceful settlement of disputes”.

The topic was again considered by the Special Committee at its following session, held in Geneva from 19 February to 16 March 1979 (see the report of the Special Committee to the General Assembly, A/34/33).

By a letter of 16 July 1979, Romania requested the inclusion of the item entitled “Settlement by peaceful means of disputes between States” on the agenda of the thirty-fourth session of the General Assembly and suggested the idea of a declaration on the subject (A/34/143). The item was included in the provisional agenda of that session and allocated to the First Committee for consideration. The First Committee held its debate on the item on 28 and 29 November 1979. On the recommendation of the First Committee (see the report of the First Committee to the General Assembly, A/34/790), the General Assembly adopted, without a vote, resolution 34/102 of 14 December 1979 under this item, in which, bearing in mind the report of the Special Committee and taking into account the relevant opinions and suggestions submitted during that session, it inter alia urged all States to cooperate in the elaboration of a declaration of the General Assembly on the peaceful settlement of disputes between States.  In the same resolution, the General Assembly further invited Member States to transmit to the Secretary-General their opinions, suggestions and proposals on the matter.  At the same session, following its consideration of the annual report of the Special Committee, the General Assembly also adopted resolution 34/147 of 17 December 1979, by which it decided that the Special Committee should continue its work on the proposals that had been made or would be made in the Committee.

Pursuant to the request contained in resolution 34/102, the Secretary-General submitted a report containing comments received from States, in 1980 (A/35/391 and Add.1). The question of a declaration was discussed by the Special Committee at its session held in Manila (Philippines) from 28 January to 22 February 1980. For the purpose of considering the topic, the Special Committee established a working group, open to all Committee members. Several drafts were submitted for consideration by the working group, including a “draft Manila declaration on the peaceful settlement of international disputes” sponsored by several delegations.  Following the discussion of the latter proposal, a revised draft declaration was submitted, which could not be discussed for lack of time and was reproduced in the report of the Special Committee (see A/35/33, para. 164).

The item “Peaceful settlement of disputes between States” was again included in the agenda of the General Assembly at its thirty-fifth session, in 1980.  It was mainly considered in the Sixth (Legal) Committee, concurrently with the consideration of the report of the Special Committee. The Sixth Committee established a working group, open to all Member States, to pursue the work towards a declaration on this subject undertaken by the Special Committee at its 1980 session. The Working Group on the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes held ten meetings between 30 October and 2 December 1980 and used as its basis for discussion the latest revision of the draft Manila declaration. The report of the Working Group summarized the general comments made on the draft, as well as proposals regarding specific provisions (A/C.6/35/L.21).  The Sixth Committee took note of this report on 4 December 1980 (A/35/737).  Thereafter, the General Assembly adopted resolution 35/160 of 15 December 1980, by which it requested the Special Committee to continue the elaboration of the draft Manila declaration with a view to submitting it for further consideration to the Assembly at its thirty-sixth session.

The Special Committee considered again the topic at its following session, held at United Nations Headquarters from 17 February to 14 March 1981. It notably had before it the second revised version of the draft Manila declaration of 1980 and the report of the Working Group on the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes. Following its discussions, and in view of the progress made on the draft Manila declaration, the Special Committee suggested that the Assembly establish a working group to finalize the text at its thirty-sixth session (see the report of the Special Committee, A/36/33).

At the thirty-sixth session of the General Assembly, in 1981, the item “Peaceful settlement of disputes between States” was again allocated to the Sixth Committee, which established a working group as proposed.  The working group held fifteen meetings between 1 October and 27 November 1981 and, although progress was made, it was unable to finalize the text of the declaration (see the report of the working group, A/C.6/36/L.19). On 10 December 1981, on the recommendation of the Sixth Committee, the General Assembly thus adopted resolution 36/110, by which it again requested the Special Committee to finalize the draft Manila declaration with a view to its consideration and adoption by the Assembly, and to submit it to the Assembly at its thirty-seventh session.

At its following session, held in Geneva from 22 February to 19 March 1982, the Special Committee discussed the topic in the context of an open-ended working group, which held meetings from 2 to 12 March. Within the working group, a drafting group was established to discuss certain pending points.  A finalized version of the draft declaration was agreed upon and submitted to the General Assembly in the report of the Special Committee (A/37/33).

At the thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, the report of the Special Committee, including the draft declaration, was discussed in the context of the Sixth Committee from 18 to 28 October 1982. On 27 October 1982, the Sixth Committee adopted by consensus the draft declaration, which was sponsored by 40 States and introduced by Romania (see the report of the Sixth Committee to the General Assembly, A/37/590).  By resolution 37/10 of 15 November 1982, the General Assembly adopted, without a vote, the Manila Declaration on the Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes between States.


Text of the Declaration

Selected preparatory documents
(in chronological order)

General Assembly resolution 3499 (XXX) of 15 December 1975 (Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization)

Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization, Working paper concerning the peaceful settlement of disputes, submitted by the United States (A/AC.182/WG/21, reproduced in A/33/33)

Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization, Working paper concerning the peaceful settlement of disputes, submitted by Algeria (A/AC.182/WG/22, reproduced in A/33/33)

Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization (A/33/33, 31 May 1978)

General Assembly resolution 33/94 of 16 December 1978 (Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization)

Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization (A/34/33, 16 March 1979).

Letter dated 16 July 1979 from the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Romania addressed to the Secretary-General, requesting the inclusion of an item entitled "Settlement by peaceful means of disputes between States" in the provisional agenda of the thirty-fourth session (A/34/143, 16 July 1979)

Report of the First Committee to the General Assembly (A/34/790, 10 December 1979)

General Assembly resolution 34/102 of 14 December 1979 (Settlement by peaceful means of disputes between States)

General Assembly resolution 34/147 of 17 December 1979 (Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization)

Report of Secretary-General (A/35/391, 29 August 1980, and Add.1, 7 October 1980)

Report of Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on Strengthening of Role of Organization (A/35/33, 14 November 1980)

Report of the Working Group on Peaceful Settlement of Disputes (A/C.6/35/L.21, 2 December 1980)

Report of the Sixth Committee to the General Assembly (A/35/737, 4 December 1980)

General Assembly resolution 37/160 of 15 December 1980 (Peaceful Settlement of Disputes between States)

Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization (A/36/33, 14 May 1981)

Report of the Working Group on Peaceful Settlement of Disputes (A/C.6/36/L.19, 30 Nov. 1981)

General Assembly resolution 36/110 of 10 December 1981 (Peaceful settlement of disputes between States)

Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on Strengthening of Role of Organization (A/37/33, 14 June 1982)

Sixth Committee of the General Assembly, Summary records of meetings Nos. 20-30, held from 18 to 28 October 1982 (A/C.6/37/SR.20-30)

Report of the Sixth Committee to the General Assembly (A/37/590, 27 October 1982)

General Assembly resolution 37/10 of 15 November 1982 (Manila Declaration on the Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes)

Statements
Thirty-seventh Session of the General Assembly, 68th Plenary Meeting, 15 November 1982: Adoption of the Manila Declaration on the Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes
Video (10 minutes, Full version)
Play
Play Statement by Ms. Berberi (Sudan), Rapporteur of the Sixth Committee
Introduction of the report of the Sixth Committee on the agenda item
Video (2 minutes, English)
Play Adoption of the Manila Declaration by the General Assembly
Video (19 seconds, English)
Play Statement by the President of the General Assembly, Mr. Hollai (Hungary) after the adoption of the Manila Declaration
Video (2 minutes, English)
Play Excerpt of statement by Mr. Romulo (Philippines)
Video (2 minutes, English)
Play Excerpt of statement by Mr. Meguid (Egypt)
Video (1 minute, العربية)
Play Excerpt of statement by Mr. Helskov (Denmark)
Video (13 seconds, English)
Play Excerpt of statement by Mr. Johnston (USA)
Video (3 minutes, English)
     

Play Thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, 20th meeting of the Sixth Committee, 18 October 1982: Discussion on the peaceful settlement of disputes between States and the report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the strengthening of the role of the Organization
Audio (1 hour 42 minutes, Full version)
  • Statement by Mr. Kirsch (Canada), Chairman of the Sixth Committee
    (Français) 00:00:00-00:04:29
  • Statement by Mr. Zachmann (German Democratic Republic), Chairman of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization
    (English) 00:04:30-00:23:49
  • Statement by Mr. Romulo (Philippines)
    (English) 00:24:44-00:46:11
  • Statement by Mr. Marinescu (Romania)
    (Français) 00:46:58-01:09:41
  • Statement by Mr. Fathalla (Egypt)
    العربية) 01:10:11-01:20:19)
  • Statement by Mr. Enkhasaikhan (Mongolia)
    (English) 01:20:47-01:39:34
  • Statement by Mr. Kirsch (Canada), Chairman of the Sixth Committee
    (English) 01:39:36-01:41:51
Play Thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, 21st meeting of the Sixth Committee, 20 October 1982: Discussion on the peaceful settlement of disputes between States and the report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the strengthening of the role of the Organization
Audio (47 minutes, Full version)
  • Statement by Mr. Fernandez (Chile)
    (Español) 00:00:53-00:23:59
  • Statement by Mr. Lamamra (Algeria)
    (Français) 00:24:25-00:40:50
  • Statement by Mr. Asante (Ghana)
    (English) 00:41:02-00:45:46
Play Thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, 22nd meeting of the Sixth Committee, 20 October 1982: Discussion on the peaceful settlement of disputes between States and the report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the strengthening of the role of the Organization
Audio (1 hour and 35 minutes, Full version)
  • Statement by Mr. Kirsch (Canada), Chairman of the Sixth Committee
    (Français) 00:00:00-00:00:58
  • Statement by Mr. Souka (Congo)
    (Français) 00:00:58-00:10:17
  • Statement by Mr. Masud (Bangladesh)
    (English) 00:10:33-00:24:20
  • Statement by Ms. Berberi (Sudan)
    العربية) 00:24:34-00:34:43)
  • Statement by Mr. Petrovsky (Unon of Soviet Socialist Republics)
    (Русский) 00:34:57-01:00:38
  • Statement by Mrs. Rodriguez (Venezuela)
    (Español) 01:00:54-01:12:35
  • Statement by Mr. De Paiva (Brazil)
    (English) 01:12:50-01:27:46
Play Thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, 24th meeting of the Sixth Committee, 21 October 1982: Discussion on the peaceful settlement of disputes between States and the report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the strengthening of the role of the Organization
Audio (2 hours and 46 minutes, Full version)
  • Statement by Mr. Kherad (Afghanistan)
    (Français) 00:00:24-00:20:26
  • Statement by Mr. Razankoto (Madagascar)
    (Français) 00:21:00-00:32:07
  • Statement by Mr. Pastor De La Torre (Peru)
    (Español) 00:32:33-00:47:51
  • Statement by Mr. Wentzel (Federal Republic of Germany)
    (English) 00:48:22-01:03:10
  • Statement by Mr. Gharbi (Morocco)
    (Français) 01:03:23-01:35:06
  • Statement by Mr. Berry (Australia)
    (English) 01:35:20-01:48:11
  • Statement by Ms. Tan (Singapore)
    (English) 01:48:34-01:57:21
  • Statement by Mr. Gaffan Peang Meth (Democratic Kampuchea)
    (English) 01:57:35-02:10:22
  • Statement by Mr. Le Kim Chung (Viet Nam)
    (Français) 02:12:37-02:25:04
  • Statement by Mr. Azzarouk (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)
    العربية) 02:25:16-02:44:31)
  • Statement by Mr. Alster (Israel)
    (English) 02:45:11-02:45:23
Play Thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, 25th meeting of the Sixth Committee, 25 October 1982: Discussion on the peaceful settlement of disputes between States and the report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the strengthening of the role of the Organization
Audio (3 hours and 38 minutes, Full version)
  • Statement by Mr. Wabuge (Kenya)
    (English) 00:00:52-00:15:20
  • Statement by Mr. Sayeed (India)
    (English) 00:15:53-00:31:17
  • Statement by Mr. Hattinga Van't Sant (Netherlands)
    (English) 00:31:26-00:52:09
  • Statement by Mr. Goerner (German Democratic Republic)
    (English) 00:52:24-01:06:51
  • Statement by Mr. Moussa (Egypt)
    (English) 01:07:02-01:18:19
  • Statement by Mr. Rassolko (Buelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic)
    (Русский) 01:18:30-01:38:44
  • Statement by Mr. Mahbouli (Tunisia)
    (Français) 01:38:56-01:57:40
  • Statement by Mr. Chebeleu (Romania)
    (Français) 01:57:50-02:18:05
  • Statement by Mr. Kherad (Afghanistan)
    (Français) 02:18:20-02:31:44
  • Statement by Mr. Acero (Colombia)
    (Español) 02:31:57-02:02:38:26
  • Statement by Mr. Ferrari-Braveo (Italy)
    (English) 02:38:38-02:52:36
  • Statement by Mr. Robinson (Jamaica)
    (English) 02:52:54-03:11:40
  • Statement by Mr. Cullen (Argentina)
    (Español) 03:11:51-03:22:54
  • Statement by Mrs. Borges (Uruguay)
    (Español) 03:23:04-03:35:40
Play Thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, 26th meeting of the Sixth Committee, 26 October 1982: Discussion on the peaceful settlement of disputes between States and the report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the strengthening of the role of the Organization
Audio (2 hours and 25 minutes, Full version)
  • Statement by Mr. Traore (Togo)
    (Français) 00:00:27-00:11:11
  • Statement by Mr. Yough (Nigeria)
    (English) 00:11:26-00:29:10
  • Statement by Mr. Huang Jiahua (China)
    (中文) 00:29:25-00:44:42
  • Statement by Mr. Kahaleh (Syrian Arab Republic)
    العربية) 00:45:03-00:55:51)
  • Statement by Mr. Sahovic (Yugoslavia)
    (Français) 00:56:04-01:05:20
  • Statement by Mr. Nasier (Indonesia)
    (English) 01:05:34-01:09:32
  • Statement by Mr. Leite (Portugal)
    (English) 01:09:44-01:17:02
  • Statement by Mr. Freeland (United Kingdom)
    (English) 01:17:13-01:36:17
  • Statement by Mr. Okello (Uganda)
    (English) 01:36:37-01:50:01
  • Statement by Mr. Gonzalez-Galvez (Mexico)
    (Español) 01:50:19-02:22:55
Play Thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, 27th meeting of the Sixth Committee, 27 October 1982: Discussion on the peaceful settlement of disputes between States and the report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the strengthening of the role of the Organization
Audio (2 hours and 51 minutes, Full version)
  • Statement by Mr. Björk (Sweden)
    (English) 00:01:52-00:12:22
  • Statement by Mr. Alakwaa (Yemen)
    العربية) 00:12:37-00:26:34)
  • Statement by Mr. van Bohemen (New Zealand)
    (English) 00:26:45-00:31:30
  • Statement by Mr. Nisibori (Japan)
    (English) 00:31:47-00:41:55
  • Statement by Mr. Cede (Austria)
    (English) 00:42:09-00:51:24
  • Statement by Mr. Thomas (Guyana)
    (English) 00:51:43-01:05:28
  • Statement by Mr. Thahim (Pakistan)
    (English) 01:05:47-01:14:18
  • Statement by Mr. Basaleh (Democratic Yemen)
    العربية) 01:14:32-01:27:47)
  • Statement by Mr. Economides (Greece)
    (Français) 01:28:26-01:51:13
  • Statement by Mr. Akl (Lebanon)
    (Français) 01:51:28-02:00:35
  • Statement by Mr. Amar (Ethiopia)
    (English) 02:00:46-02:09:40
  • Statement by Mrs. Ahmadi (Iran)
    (Français) 02:09:51-02:20:19
  • Statement by Mr. Museux (France)
    (Français) 02:20:34-02:47:22
  • Statement by Mr. Cullen (Argentina)
    (Español) 02:47:38-02:48:42
  • Statement by Mr. Riddell (United States of America)
    (English) 02:48:53-02:49:17
Play Thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, 28th meeting of the Sixth Committee, 27 October 1982: Discussion on the peaceful settlement of disputes between States and the report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the strengthening of the role of the Organization
Audio (1 hour and 34 minutes, Full version)
  • Statement by Ms. Mulamfu (Zambia)
    (English) 00:00:59 - 00:10:24
  • Statement by Mr. Jha (Nepal)
    (English) 00:10:36 – 00:18:48
  • Statement by Mr. Stepanov (Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic)
    (Русский) 00:19:02 – 00:38:31
  • Statement by Mr. Bialy (Poland)
    (English) 00:38:49 – 00:54:00
  • Statement by Mr. Nizigama (Burundi)
    (Français) 00:54:10-01:01:40
  • Statement by Mr. Droushiotis (Cyprus)
    (English) 01:01:55-01:13:55
  • Statement by Mr. Swinnen (Belgium)
    (Français) 01:14:11-01:18:06
  • Statement by Mr. Dias Cabral (Guinea-Bissau)
    (Français) 01:18:19-01:30:52
Play Thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, 29th meeting of the Sixth Committee, 27 October 1982: Discussion and adoption by consensus of draft resolution A/C.6/37/L.2 on the peaceful settlement of disputes between States
Audio (3 hours and 6 minutes, Full version)
  • Statement by Mr. McKenzie (Trinidad and Tobago)
    (English) 00:00:13-00:18:12
  • Statement by Mr. Font (Spain)
    (Español) 00:18:30-00:32:06
  • Statement by Mrs. Schwab (United States of America)
    (English) 00:36:40-00:48:18
  • Statement by Mr. Sahnoun (Algeria)
    (Français) 00:48:33-01:10:59
  • Statement by Mr. Pastor De La Torre (Peru)
    (Español) 01:11:18-01:26:34
  • Statement by Mr. Garvalov (Bulgaria)
    (English) 01:26:48-01:45:51
  • Statement by Mr. Mapango Ma Kemishanga (Zaire)
    (Français) 01:46:10-01:58:00
  • Statement by Mr. Al-Qaysi (Iraq)
    (English) 01:58:14-02:12:01
  • Statement by Mr. Broms (Finland)
    (English) 02:12:15-02:36:19
  • Statement by Mr. Zachmann (Chairman of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization)
    (English) 02:36:53-02:41:20
  • Statement by Mr. Diaconu (Romania)
    (Français) 02:42:24-02:50:40
Play Thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, 30th meeting of the Sixth Committee, 28 October 1982: Discussion on the peaceful settlement of disputes between States
Audio (17 minutes, Full version)
  • Statement by Mr. Rosenne (Israel)
    (English) 00:04:43-00:10:30
  • Statement by Mr. Moncada (Nicaragua)
    (Español) 00:10:53-00:12:56