United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crimes (with protocols)
New York, 15 November 2000
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The United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized crime entered into force on 29 September 2003, on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the fortieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, in accordance with its article 38. With each protocol requiring the same number of parties for entry into force, the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, entered into force on 25 of December 2003; the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, entered into force on 28 January 2004; and the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, entered into force on 3 July 2005.

At its forty-seventh session, in 1992, the General Assembly requested the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice to organize the on-going review and analysis of the incidence of transnational organized criminal activity. Through several experts meetings and Government interactions convened under this process, the desirability of elaborating a multilateral convention against transnational organized crime was supported by the Commission, the Economic and Social Council and the General Assembly. In 1997, the Assembly established an inter-sessional open-ended intergovernmental group of experts for the purpose of elaborating a preliminary draft of an international comprehensive convention. An Ad Hoc Committee to draft a convention was established by the Assembly the following year, in 1998. After several meetings, the Ad Hoc Committee, in 2000, approved the text of the draft convention, as well as draft protocols on trafficking and smuggling of persons. The General Assembly approved the texts of these instruments in resolution 55/25 on 15 November 2000. The protocol on the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms was approved the Ad Hoc Committee in 2001, and adopted by the General Assembly later that same year in resolution 55/255.

This Convention consists of forty-one articles that require States Parties to criminalize, inter alia, participation in an organized group (article 5), the laundering of the proceeds of crime (article 6), and corruption (article 8). States Parties are additionally obligated to adopt measures for the prosecution of offenders (articles 10 and 11), and for the confiscation and seizure of, inter alia, the proceeds of such crimes (articles 12 to 14). Each protocol sets out a number of obligations for each of the three specific sub-areas of transnational organized crime that are focused upon.

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The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice was established by the Economic and Social Council (resolution 1992/1 of 6 February 1992) to replace the Committee on Crime Prevention and Control, and held its first session in April 1992 (E/1992/30 – E/CN.15/1992/7). The Council had determined that one of the priority themes that should guide the work of the Commission, as well as the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme, would include “national and transnational crime” and “organized crime”. On 16 December 1992, the General Assembly adopted resolution 47/87, in which it requested the Commission to organize the ongoing review and analysis of the incidence of transnational organized criminal activity.

At its second session, in April 1993 (Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on its second session, E/1993/32-E/CN.15/1993/9), the Commission recommended to the Council the adoption of a draft resolution on the convening of a World Ministerial Conference on Organized Transnational Crime. The Council adopted this recommendation in resolution 1993/29 of 27 July 1993. The Council requested the Secretary-General to organize a World Ministerial Conference with the mandate, inter alia, to consider whether it would be feasible to elaborate international instruments, including conventions, against organized transnational crime. Consequently, the General Assembly, in its resolution 48/103 of 20 December 1993, expressed its support for the World Ministerial Conference and called upon Member States to be represented at the Conference at the highest possible level.

The World Ministerial Conference was convened in Naples, Italy, from 21 to 23 November 1994. The Conference unanimously adopted the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime (Naples Declaration) (A/49/748).

At its forty-ninth session, in 1994, the General Assembly, in resolution 49/159 of 23 December, approved the Naples Declaration and requested the Secretary-General to transmit the Naples Declaration to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice for appropriate action, since the Commission was requested by the declaration to initiate the process of asking the Governments for their views on the impact of a convention or conventions against organized transnational crime and on the issues that could be covered therein. Furthermore, the Secretary-General was requested to report to the General Assembly at its fiftieth session on the implementation of the Naples Declaration.

From April 29 until May 8 1995, the Ninth United Nations Congress on Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders was held in Cairo, resulting, inter alia, in the adoption of resolution 3 on international instruments such as a convention or conventions against organized transnational crime (A/CONF.169/16.Rev.1). The Congress invited the Commission to give priority to the implementation of the Naples Declaration by requesting the views of Governments on the elaboration of a multinational instrument. The Congress also proposed elements to be included in such an instrument and requested the Commission to ask the Secretary-General, if required, for assistance in such a matter.

At its fourth session, in May 1995, the Commission addressed the conclusions of the Ninth United Nations Congress on Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders and the World Ministerial Conference on Organized Transnational Crime, and recommended follow-up measures (Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on its fourth session, E/1995/30-E/CN.15/1995/13). Such recommendations were considered by the Economic and Social Council during its session from 26 June to 28 July 1995, resulting in the adoption of resolution 1995/11 of 24 July 1995, which again asked the Secretary-General to initiate the process of requesting the views of Governments on the opportunity and impact of international instruments, such as a convention against transnational organized crime, and to collect and analyze data on this matter. Moreover, in its resolution 1995/27 of 24 July 1995, the Council also decided to establish, at its fifth session, in 1996, an open-ended, intergovernmental working group within the framework of the Commission to consider such provided information and propose any further action.

Pursuant to General Assembly resolution 49/159, the Secretary-General reported to the General Assembly on the desirability of and requirements to be met for a multinational instrument against organized crime on 18 September 1995 (A/50/433). The Secretary-General also noted a strong political will amongst States to achieve such a result.

In November 1995, the Regional Ministerial Workshop on Follow-up to the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime was convened at Buenos Aires. The Workshop adopted by consensus the Buenos Aires Declaration on Prevention and Control of Organized Transnational Crime (E/CN.15/1996/2/Add.1, annex).

On 21 December 1995, the General Assembly adopted resolution 50/146, in which it took note of the Secretary-General’s report (A/50/433). The Assembly requested, inter alia, the Secretary-General to continue strengthening the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme by providing it with the resources necessary for the full implementation of its mandate, including follow-up action to the Naples Declaration.

A favourable climate towards an international convention was also described in the Secretary-General’s report to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in April 1996 (E/CN.15/1996/2 and Add.1), in which the views of 20 Governments on such a matter were reported. The need for reliable information was reiterated as doubts were expressed by some countries on the attainability of such an international convention. The Secretary-General recommended the establishment and maintenance of a central repository for information on legislation, regulatory measures and organizational structures, designed to prevent and control organized transnational crime, along with bilateral and multilateral cooperation arrangements.

The recommendation was considered by the Economic and Social Council, which requested the Secretary-General to establish such a repository in its resolution 1996/27 of 24 July 1996. The Council requested that the Secretary-General make a thorough analysis of the views of Governments on the possibility of elaborating a convention or conventions against organized transnational crime, taking into account, inter alia, the Buenos Aires Declaration on Prevention and Control of Organized Transnational Crime (E/CN.15/1996/2/Add.1). In addition, the Secretary-General was requested to make proposals on the action that would be appropriate and for the undertaking of practical activities by States to implement the Naples Declaration. The Council also decided that the Commission should establish an in-sessional working group at its sixth session for the purpose of considering the report and the proposals of the Secretary-General.

On 24 September 1996, the Polish Government submitted a draft framework convention against organized crime (A/C.3/51/7), to be circulated in the General Assembly. Consequently, in its resolution 51/120 of 12 December 1996, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to invite all States to submit their comments on the proposed draft. The Assembly also requested the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice to consider, as a matter of priority, the question of the elaboration of an international convention against organized transnational crime, with a view to finalizing its work on the question as soon as possible, and to report, through the Economic and Social Council, to the Assembly at its fifty-second session on the result of its work.

The Secretary-General submitted a further report to the Economic and Social Council on 26 February 1997 (E/CN.15/1997/7 and Add.1) containing analyses, as well as views and proposals provided by States on the subject. Furthermore, an informal meeting on the topic was organized by the Fondazione Giovanni e Francesca Falcone, in cooperation with the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division of the Secretariat, which was held in Palermo, Italy, from 6 to 8 April 1997 (E/CN.15/1997/Add.2).

At its sixth session, in 1997, the Commission of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice adopted draft resolution I on the follow-up to the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against organized transnational crime and recommended to the Economic and Social Council the approval of a draft resolution for adoption by the General Assembly (Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on its sixth session, E/1997/30 – E/CN.15/1997/21). Following the recommendation of the Economic and Social Council (E/1997/22), the General Assembly, in its resolution 52/85 of 12 December 1997, took note of the informal meeting in April 1997 in Palermo and established an inter-sessional open-ended intergovernmental group of experts for the purpose of elaborating a preliminary draft of an international comprehensive convention.

The first meeting of the inter-sessional open-ended intergovernmental group was held in Warsaw, from 2 to 6 February 1998. The group submitted a report containing an outline of options for the contents of the international convention against organized transnational crime. The specific elements of the convention that were discussed include: scope and application; domestic obligations; jurisdictional matters; judicial cooperation; protection of victims and witnesses; law enforcement cooperation and exchange of information; training and technical assistance; prevention; the role of the United Nations and other relevant organizations; and safeguards (E/CN.15/1998/5).

On 23 March 1998, the Secretary-General submitted a report to the Commission on the implementation of the Naples Political Declaration, summarizing the results of the work carried out by the Centre for International Crime Prevention of the United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (E/CN.15/1998/6). The report included information received from 17 States and the United Nations Development Programme. The report also set out future action to be taken by the Centre in response to the needs and requests of Member States to strengthen their efforts in preventing and controlling organized transnational crime. The Secretary-General subsequently submitted two addendum reports on: (i) the African Regional Ministerial Workshop on Organized Transnational Crime and Corruption, held at Dakar, in July 1997; and (ii) the Asian Regional Ministerial Workshop on Organized Transnational Crime and Corruption, held at Manila, in March 1998. Additional support and suggestions for the draft convention came from the results of the three aforementioned Ministerial Workshops; namely the Declarations of Buenos Aires (E/CN.15/1996/2/Add.1), Dakar (E/CN.15/1998/6/Add.1) and Manila (E/CN/15/1998/6/Add.2), respectively.

On the recommendation of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its seventh session, in 1998 (E/1998/30-E/CN.15/1998/11), and of the Economic and Social Council in its resolution 1998/14 of 28 July 1998, the General Assembly adopted resolution 53/111 of 9 December 1998. The General Assembly established an open-ended intergovernmental ad hoc committee for the purpose of, inter alia, elaborating a comprehensive international convention against transnational organized crime (Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, hereinafter “the Ad Hoc Committee”). On 9 December 1998, the General Assembly also adopted resolution 53/114, in which it called upon the Ad Hoc Committee to devote attention to the drafting of the main text of the convention.

The Ad Hoc Committee had previously held an informal preparatory meeting in Buenos Aires from 31 August to 4 September 1998. During this meeting, the Ad Hoc Committee completed the first reading of the outline of options for contents of the convention by reviewing articles 14 to 30, resulting in a new, consolidated draft of the convention (A/AC.254/1 and A/AC.254/4). This draft formed the basis of the Ad Hoc Committee’s further work, alongside proposals and comments made by Governments during the preparatory meeting (A/AC.254/5 and Add.2).

The Ad Hoc Committee held thirteen sessions, meeting for a total of two hundred and forty-nine times. In 1999, the Ad Hoc Committee held its first six session at Vienna, from 19 to 29 January (A/AC.254/9); 8 to 12 March (A/AC.254/11); 28 April to 3 May (A/AC.254/14); 28 June to 9 July (A/AC.254/17); 4 to 15 October (A/AC.254/19 and Add.1) and 6 to 17 December (A/AC.254/23), respectively. The discussions as to the relation of the Convention, as a free-standing and self-sufficient instrument, with the additional instruments dealing with specific issues, shaped the final outcome of the convention. Those additional instruments, dealing, respectively, with the trafficking of women and children, the illicit manufacturing and trafficking in firearms, and the smuggling of migrants, were viewed in principle as optional protocols to the convention. A draft protocol to prevent, suppress and punish the trafficking of women and children was submitted by the United States and Argentina (A/AC.254/4/Add.3/Rev.1); Canada submitted a draft protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition and other related materials (A/AC.254/4/Add.2); and based on a proposal by Austria and Italy, a draft protocol against illegal trafficking and transport of migrants was also submitted (A/AC.254/4/Add.1 and A/AC.254/4/Add.1/Rev.1).

On the recommendation of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice at its eighth session (E/1999/30-E/CN.15/1999/12), and of the Economic and Social Council (resolutions 1999/20, 1999/21 and 1999/22), the General Assembly, at its fifty-fourth session, adopted four resolutions on 17 December 1999. In resolution 54/126, the Assembly requested the Ad Hoc Committee to intensify its work and set a deadline for the completion of its work in 2000. By its resolution 54/127, the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to convene an expert group of no more than 20 members, with equitable geographical representation, to prepare a study on the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking of explosives by criminals and their use for criminal purposes. In resolution 54/128, the Ad Hoc Committee was also directed by the Assembly to incorporate into the draft convention measures against corruption linked to organized crime. Additionally, the Assembly, by its resolution 54/129, decided to convene a High-Level Political Signing Conference in Palermo Italy, to finalize and adopt the Convention and its Protocols in 2000.

In 2000, the Ad Hoc Committee held five sessions in Vienna: 17 to 28 January (A/AC.254/25); 21 February to 3 March (A/AC.254/28); 5 to 16 June (A/AC.254/31); 17 to 28 July (A/AC.254/34); and 2 to 29 October (A/AC.254/38), respectively. On 28 July 2000, at its hundred and seventy-seventh meeting, the Ad Hoc Committee approved the draft “United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime” and decided to submit it to the General Assembly at its fifty-fifth session for consideration and action (A/AC.254/34). Additionally, the draft “Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children” and the draft “Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air”, were also approved during the eleventh session of the Ad Hoc Committee on 23 and 24 October 2000, respectively (A/AC.254/38).

In its resolution 55/25, the General Assembly adopted the United Nations Conventions against Transnational Organized Crime and two supplementary protocols: the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children and the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, on 15 November 2000 and opened them for signature at the High-Level Political Signing Conference held in Palermo, from 12 to 15 December 2000 (A/CONF.195/2 and Corr.1), in accordance with the Assembly resolution 54/129 of 12 December 1999 (A/55/PV.62).

During the twelfth session of the Ad Hoc Committee in February 2001 (A/55/383/Add.2), the draft protocol on firearms was completed (A/55/383/Add.2/Rev.6). At its two hundred and thirty-ninth meeting on 2 March 2001, the Ad Hoc Committee approved the draft Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition. The Protocol was adopted by General Assembly resolution 55/255 of 31 May 2001.

The Convention was signed by all the participants and entered into force on 29 September 2003, on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the fortieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, in accordance with its article 38. With each protocol requiring the same number of parties for entry into force, the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, entered into force on 25 of December 2003; the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, entered into force on 28 January 2004; and the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, entered into force on 3 July 2005.

In February 2004, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 55/25, the Ad Hoc Committee held its thirteenth and final session. The Committee approved the draft rules of procedure and decided to submit them to the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime for its consideration and action at its first session in June 2004 (A/AC.254/42). During its first session from 28 June to 8 July 2004, the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, by its decision 1/1, adopted the rules of procedures, which had been recommended for consideration by the Ad Hoc Committee, without amendment (A/AC.254/43).

Related Documents

Economic and Social Council Resolution 1992/1 of 6 February 1992 (Establishment of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice) (E/RES/1992/1)

Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on its first session, 21 to 30 April 1992 (E/1992/30 – E/CN.15/1992/7)

Third Committee of the General Assembly, Summary records of Meetings Nos. 14 to 18, held from 22 to 26 October 1992 (A/C.3/47/SR.14, 15, 16, 17 and 18).

Report of the Third Committee to the General Assembly (A/47/703, 27 November 1992)

General Assembly, Verbatim record of the 89th meeting of the forty-seventh session, held on 16 December 1992 (A/47/PV.89)

General Assembly resolution 47/87 of 16 December 1992 (International cooperation in combating organized crime)

Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on its second session, 13 to 23 April 1993 (E/1993/32 – E/CN.15/1993/9)

Economic and Social Council resolution 1993/29 of 27 July 1993 (World Ministerial Conference on Organized Transnational Crime) (E/RES/1993/29)

Third Committee of the General Assembly, Summary records of meetings Nos. 18 to 20 of the forty-eighth session, held on 28 and 29 October 1993 (A/C.3/48/SR.18, 19 and 20)

Report of the Third Committee to the General Assembly (A/48/628, 2 December 1993)

General Assembly, Verbatim record of the 85th meeting of the forty-eighth session, held on 20 December 1993 (A/48/PV.85)

General Assembly resolution 48/103 of 20 December 1993 (Crime prevention and criminal justice)

Report of the Secretary General, “Progress made in the implementation of General Assembly resolutions 46/152, 47/91 and 48/103” (A/49/593, 31 October 1994)

Note by the Secretary-General, “Report of the World Ministerial Conference on Organized Transnational Crime, held in Naples, Italy, from 21 to 23 November 1994” (A/49/748, 2 December 1994)

Third Committee of the General Assembly, Summary records of meetings Nos. 58, 62 and 66 of the forty-ninth session, held, respectively on 7, 10 and 14 December 1994 (A/C.3/49/SR.58, 62 and 66)

Report of the Third Committee to the General Assembly (A/49/606, 16 December 1994)

General Assembly, Verbatim record of the 94th meeting of the forty-ninth session, held on 23 December 1994 (A/49/PV.94)

General Assembly resolution 49/159 of 23 December 1994 (Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime)

Report prepared by the Secretariat, on the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders in Cairo, 29 April – 8 May 1995 (A/CONF.169/16/Rev.1, 24 September 1998)

Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on its fourth session, 30 May – 9 June 1995 (E/1995/30 – E/CN.15/1995/13)

Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/11 of 24 July 1995 (Implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime) (E/1995/INF/4/Add.2,, reproduced in Official Records of the Economic and Social council, 1995, Supplement No. 1 (E/1995/95))

Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/27 of 24 July 1995 (Implementation of the resolutions and recommendations of the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders) (E/1995/INF/4/Add.2, reproduced in Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1995, Supplement No. 1 (E/1995/95))

Report of the Secretary-General, “Implementation of General Assembly resolution 49/150 on the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime” (A/50/433, 18 September 1995)

Third Committee of the General Assembly, Summary records of meetings Nos. 12 to 17 and 19 of the fiftieth session, held, respectively, from 17 to 20 October 1995, 30 October 1995 and on 6 November 1995 (A/C.3/50/SR.12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 19)

Report of the Third Committee to the General Assembly (A/50/629, 30 November 1995)

Report of the Secretary-General on the Recommendations of the Regional Ministerial Workshop on Follow-up to the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime, held at Buenos Aires from 27 to 30 November 1995 (E/CN.15/1996/2/Add.1, 3 April 1996)

General Assembly, Verbatim record of the 97th plenary meeting of the fiftieth session, held on 21 December 1995 (A/50/PV.97)

Report of the Secretary-General, “Implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime” (E/CN.15/1996/2, 4 April 1996)

Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Justice on its fifth session, 21 - 31 May 1996 (E/1996/30 – E/CN.15/1996/24)

Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/27 of 24 July 1996 (Implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime) (E/1996/96)

Letter dated 24 September 1996 from the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland to the Secretary-General, “Question of the elaboration of an international convention against organized transnational crimes” (A/C.3/51/7)

Third Committee of the General Assembly, Summary records of meetings Nos. 3, 5 to 10, 12 and 20 of the fifty-first session, held, respectively, on 14 October 1996, from 18 to 23 October 1996 and on 31 October 1996 (A/C.3/51/SR.3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12 and 20).

Report of the Third Committee to the General Assembly (A/51/620, 2 November 1996)

General Assembly, Verbatim records of the 82nd plenary meeting of the fifty-first session, held on 12 December 1996 (A/51/PV.82).

General Assembly resolution 51/120 of 12 December 1996 (Question of the elaboration of an international convention against organized transnational crime)

Report of the Secretary-General, “Implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime” (E/CN.15/1997/7, 26 February 1997)

Report of the Secretary General on the views of States on the elaboration of an International Convention against Organized Transnational Crime (E.CN.15/1997/7/Add.1, 11 April 1997)

Report of the Secretary-General on the informal meeting on the question of the elaboration of an international convention against organized transnational crime, held at Palermo, Italy, from 6 to 8 April 1997 (E.CN.15/1997/7/Add.2, 16 April 1997)

Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on its sixth session, 28 April to 9 May 1997 (E/1997/30 – E/CN.15/1997/21)

Economic and Social Council resolution 1997/22 of 21 July 1997 (Follow-up to the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime) (E/1997/7)

Report of the Secretary-General on the Recommendations of the African Regional Ministerial Workshop on Organized Transnational Crime and Corruption, held at Dakar from 21 to 23 July 1997 (E/CN.15/1998/6/Add.1, 29 August 1997)

Third Committee of the General Assembly, Summary records of meetings Nos. 13 to 18 and 28 of the fifty-second session, held, respectively, from 23 to 28 October 1997, and on 6 November 1997 (A/C.3/52/SR.13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 and 28).

Report of the Third Committee to the General Assembly (A/52/635, 2 December 1997)

General Assembly, Verbatim record of the 70th plenary meeting of the fifty-second session, held on 12 December 1997 (A/52/PV.70)

General Assembly resolution 52/85 of 12 December 1997 (Follow-up to the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime)

Report of the meeting of the inter-sessional open-ended intergovernmental group of experts on the elaboration of a preliminary draft of a possible comprehensive international convention against organized transnational crime held in Warsaw from 2 to 6 February 1998 (E/CN.15/1998/5, 18 February 1998)

Report of the Secretary-General “Implementation of the Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime: Question of the elaboration of an international convention against organized transnational crime, and other possible international instruments” (E/CN.15/1998/6, 23 March 1998)

Recommendations of the Asian Regional Ministerial Workshop on Organized Transnational Crime and Corruption, held at Manila from 23 to 25 March 1998 (E/CN.15/1998/6/Add.2, 1 April 1998)

Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on its seventh session, 21 to 30 April 1998 (E/1998/30 – E/CN.15/1998/11)

Economic and Social Council resolution 1998/14 of 28 July 1998 (Transnational organized crime) (E/1998/14)

Third Committee of the General Assembly, Summary records of meetings Nos. 6 to 11 and 15 of the fifty-third session, held, respectively, from 8 to 14 October and on 16 October 1998 (A/C.3/53/SR.6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 15).

Report of the Third Committee to the General Assembly (A/53/616, 5 November 1998)

General Assembly, Verbatim record of the 85th plenary meeting of the fifty-third session, held on 9 December 1998 (A/53/PV.85)

General Assembly resolution 53/111 of 9 December 1998 (Transnational organized crime)

General Assembly resolution 53/114 of 9 December 1998 (Strengthening the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme, in particular its technical cooperation capacity)

Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, “Annotated provisional agenda and proposed organization of work” (A/AC.254/1, 14 December 1998)

Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, “Draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime” (A/AC.254/4, 15 December 1998)

Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, “Draft elements for an international legal instrument against illegal trafficking and transport of migrants: Proposal submitted by Austria and Italy” (A/AC.254/4/Add.1, 15 December 1998)

Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, “Draft Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials Supplementary to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: Proposal submitted by Canada” (A/AC.254/4/Add.2, 15 December 1998)

Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, “Proposals and contributions received from Governments” (A/AC.254/5, 19 December 1998)

Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, “Comments and proposals received from Governments” (A/AC.254/5/Add.2, 18 December 1998)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its first session, held in Vienna from 19 to 29 January 1999 (A/AC.254/9, 29 January 1999)

Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, “Revised draft Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: Proposal submitted by Argentina and the United States” (A/AC.254/4/Add.3/Rev.1, 22 February 1999)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its second session, held in Vienna from 8 to 12 March 1999 (A/AC.254/11, 25 March 1999)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its third session, held in Vienna from 28 April to 3 May 1999 (A/AC.254/14, 19 May 1999)

Report of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice on its eighth session, 27 April-6 May 1999 (E/1999/30 – E/CN.15/1999/12)

Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, “Draft Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime” (A/AC.254/4/Add.1/Rev.1, 13 May 1999)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its fourth session, held in Vienna from 28 June to 9 July 1999 (A/AC.254/17, 21 July 1999)

Economic and Social Council resolution 1999/20 of 30 July 1999 (Draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the draft protocols thereto) (E/1999/INF/2/Add.2, reproduced in Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1999, Supplement No. 1 (E/1999/99))

Economic and Social Council resolution 1999/21 of 28 July 1999 (Activities of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, as well as consideration of the need to develop an instrument on the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in explosives) (E/1999/INF/2/Add.2, reproduced in Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1999, Supplement No. 1 (E/1999/99)).

Economic and Social Council resolution 1999/22 of 28 July 1999 (Action against corruption) (E/1999/INF/2/Add.2, reproduced in Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1999, Supplement No. 1 (E/1999/99)).

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its fifth session, held in Vienna from 4 to 15 October 1999 (A/AC.254/19, 12 November 1999)

Third Committee of the General Assembly, Summary records of meetings Nos. 13 to 18, 20, 48 and 50 of the fifty-fourth session, held from 15 to 21 October 1999 and on 16 and 17 November 1999 (A/C.3/54/SR.13, 14, 15, 16, 17 18, 20, 48 and 50)

Report of the Third Committee to the General Assembly (A/54/596, 2 December 1999)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its sixth session, held in Vienna from 6 to 17 December 1999 (A/AC.254/23, 23 December 1999)

General Assembly, Verbatim record of the 83rd plenary meeting of the fifty-fourth session, held on 17 December 1999 (A/54/PV.83)

General Assembly resolution 54/126 of 17 December 1999 (Draft United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the draft protocols thereto)

General Assembly resolution 54/129 of 17 December 1999 (High-level Political Signing Conference for the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its seventh session, held in Vienna from 17 to 28 January 2000 (A/AC.254/25, 8 February 2000)

Progress Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (E/CN.15/2000/4, 29 March 2000)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its eighth session, held in Vienna from 21 February to 3 March 2000 (A/AC.254/28, 4 April 2000)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its ninth session, held in Vienna from 5 to 16 June 2000 (A/AC.254/31, 29 June 2000)

Third Committee of the General Assembly, Summary records of meetings Nos. 8 to 12 of the fifty-fifth session, held on 29 September 2000 and on 2 and 4 October 2000 (A/C.3/55/SR.8, 9, 10, 11 and 12).

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its tenth session, held in Vienna from 17 to 28 July 2000 (A/AC.254/34, 11 September 2000)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on the work of its first to eleventh sessions: Addendum (A/55/383/Add.1, 3 November 2000)

General Assembly, Verbatim record of the 62nd plenary meeting of the fifty-fifth session, held on 15 November 2000 (A/55/PV.62)

Report of the Third Committee to the General Assembly (A/55/593, 16 November 2000)

General Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000 (United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime)

Revised draft Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (A/AC.254/4/Add.2/Rev.6, 18 December 2000)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its eleventh session, held in Vienna from 2 to 29 October 2000 (A/AC.254/38, 24 January 2001)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on the work of its first to eleventh sessions: Addendum: Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its twelfth session, 26 February to 2 March 2001 (A/55/383/Add.2, 20 March 2001)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on the work of its first to eleventh sessions: Addendum: Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its twelfth session: Interpretative notes for the official records (travaux préparatoires) of the negotiation of the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (A/55/383/Add.3, 21 March 2001)

Report of the High-level Political Signing Conference for the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto, held in Palermo, Italy, from 12 to 15 December 2000 (A/CONF.195/2, 27 April 2001)

General Assembly, Verbatim record of the 101st plenary meeting of the fifty-fifth plenary meeting, held on 31 May 2001 (A/55/PV.101)

General Assembly resolution 55/255 of 31 May 2001 (Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime)

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its thirteenth session, held in Vienna from 2 to 6 February 2004 (A/AC.254/42, 26 February 2004)

Report of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on its first session, 28 June - 8 July 2004 (CTOC/COP/2004/6)

Decision 1/1 of 28 June 2004 adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Adoption of the rules of procedure for the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime)

Draft rules of procedure for the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (CTOC/COP/2004/3 - A/AC.254/43, 26 February 2004)

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2225, p. 209.


The Convention entered into force on 29 September 2003. For the current participation status of the Convention, as well as information and relevant texts of related treaty actions, such as reservations, declarations, objections, denunciations and notifications, see:

The Status of Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General

Statements
Fifty-fifth session of the General Assembly, 62nd plenary meeting, United Nations Headquarters, New York, United States, 15 November 2000:
Adoption of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, and the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air
Video (1 hour, 6 minutes, Full version)
Play
Play Statement by Mr. Holkeri (Finland), President of the General Assembly
Introduction of the agenda item
Video (2 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Lauriola (Italy), Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
Introduction of the report of the Ad Hoc Committee (A/55/383 and Add.1)
Video (14 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Doutriaux (European Union)
Video (7 minutes, Français)
Play Statement by Mr. Vento (Italy)
Video (9 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Tello (Mexico)
Video (7 minutes, Español)
Play Statement by Mr. Karev (Russian Federation)
Video (3 minutes, Русский)
Play Statement by Mr. Rydzkowski (Poland)
Video (6 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Luigi Lauriola, Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
Video (1 minute, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Holkeri (Finland), President of the General Assembly
Resolution 55/25 (United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime) is adopted without a vote
Video (1 minute, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Nobuyasu, (Japan)
Explanation of vote
Video (4 minutes, English)
Fifty-fifth session of the General Assembly, 101st plenary meeting, United Nations Headquarters, New York, United States, 31 May 2001:
Adoption of the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
Video (1 hour, 20 minutes, Full version)
Play
Play Statement by Mr. Lauriola, Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Elaboration of a Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
Introduction of the report of the Ad Hoc Committee (A/55/383/Add.2 and Add.3)
Video (5 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Bebars (Egypt)
Explanation of vote
Video (3 minutes, العربية)
Play Statement by Mr. Holkeri (Finland), President of the General Assembly
Resolution 55/255 (Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime) is adopted without a vote.
Video (1 minute, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Norström (Sweden), on behalf of the European Union
Explanation of vote
Video (3 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Ms. Verville (United States)
Explanation of vote
Video (3 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Navarette (Mexico)
Explanation of vote
Video (18 minutes, Español)
Play Statement by Mr. Abe (Japan)
Explanation of vote
Video (6 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Mekdad (Syrian Arab Republic)
Explanation of vote
Video (3 minutes, العربية)
Play Statement by Mr. Hallowes (United Kingdom)
Explanation of vote
Video (2 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Cappagli (Argentina)
Explanation of vote
Video (2 minutes, Español)
Play Statement by Ms. Cortés (Spain)
Explanation of vote
Video (1 minute, Español)
Play Statement by Mr. Hayes (Canada)
Explanation of vote
Video (5 minutes, Français/English)
Play Statement by Mr. Mourão (Brazil)
Explanation of vote
Video (2 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Govrin (Israel)
Explanation of vote
Video (2 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Rivas (Colombia)
Explanation of vote
Video (5 minutes, Español)
Play Statement by Mr. Coutts (Chile)
Explanation of vote
Video (2 minutes, Español)
Play Statement by Mr. Thamrin (Indonesia)
Explanation of vote
Video (1 minute, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Lee Kie-cheon (Republic of Korea)
Explanation of vote
Video (2 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Wu Haitao (China)
Explanation of vote
Video (4 minutes, 中文)
Play Statement by Mr. Baeidi Nejad (Islamic Republic of Iran)
Explanation of vote
Video (4 minutes, English)
Play Statement by Mr. Umer (Pakistan)
Explanation of vote
Video (5 minutes, English)
     
11 December 2000
High-level signing conference of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, Palermo, Italy.
[Read more]

12 December 2000
High-level signing conference of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, Palermo, Italy.
[Read more]
12 December 2000
Opening of the high-level signing conference of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, Palermo, Italy.
[Read more]
12 December 2000
Opening of the high level signing conference of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, Palermo, Italy.
[Read more]
9 December 2002
Signing ceremony, United Nations Headquarters, New York.
[Read more]

9 December 2002
Signing ceremony, United Nations Headquarters, New York.
[Read more]
11 December 2002
Signing ceremony, United Nations Headquarters, New York.
[Read more]
4 March 2003
Deposit of Instruments of Ratification ceremony, United Nations, New York. [Read more]
12 May 2003
Deposits of Instruments of Ratification ceremony, United Nations, New York. [Read more]

24 September 2003
Signing ceremony, United Nations Headquarters, New York.
[Read more]
24 September 2003
Signing ceremony, United Nations Headquarters, New York.
[Read more]
24 September 2003
Signing ceremony, United Nations Headquarters, New York.
[Read more]
25 September 2003
Signing ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]
25 September 2003
Signing ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]
26 September 2003
Press conference on the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]

26 September 2003
Press conference on the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]
26 September 2003
Signing ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]
26 September 2003
Signing ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]
26 September 2003
Ratification of treaties, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]
26 September 2003
Ratification and accessions of treaties, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]

29 September 2003
Signing ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]
7 October 2003
Signing and Accession Ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]

9 December 2003
Signing and Accession Ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]
9 December 2003
Deposit of Instrument of Ratification ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]
18 March 2004
Deposit of Instrument of Ratification ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]

16 June 2004
Deposit of Instrument ceremony, United Nations,
New York.
[Read more]
22 June 2004
Deposit of Instrument of Ratification ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]
22 June 2004
Deposit of Instruments of Ratification ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]
   
15 December 2004
Deposit of the Instrument of Accession ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York
[Read more].
28 October 2005
Deposit of the Instrument of Accession ceremony, United Nations Headquarters,
New York.
[Read more]