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Judge Thomas Buergenthal

Judge Thomas Buergenthal
International Court of Justice

Biography Biography in PDF

Human Rights
History
A Brief History of International Human Rights Law
Video    (33 minutes)




Human Rights
History
A Brief History of International Human Rights Law
A. Legal Instruments
Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice, San Francisco, 26 June 1945.

Charter of the Organization of American States, Bogotá, 1948, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 119, p. 47.

American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, Bogotá, 1948.

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Paris, 9 December 1948, United Nations,  Treaty Series, vol. 78, p. 277.

Universal Declaration on Human Rights, Paris, 10 December 1948

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Rome, 4 November 1950, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 213, p. 221.

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination,
New York, 7 March 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol.  660, p. 195.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, New York, 16 December 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 999, p. 171.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, New York, 16 December 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 993, p. 3.

American Convention on Human Rights, San José, 22 November 1969, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1144, p. 144.

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, New York, 18 December 1979, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1249, p. 13.

African Charter on Human and People’s Rights, Nairobi, 27 June 1981, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1520, p. 217.

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, New York, 10 December 1984, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1465, p. 85.

Convention on the Rights of the Child, New York, 20 November 1989, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1577, p. 3.

Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 2 of Security Council resolution 808 (1993) (S/25704), 3 May 1993.

Protocol No. 11 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Strasbourg, 11 May 1994, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2061, p. 7.

Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Security Council resolution 955 (1994) of 8 November 1994.

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Rome, 17 July 1998, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2187, p. 3.

Organization of African Unity, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 10 June 1998.

B. Documents
General Assembly Resolution 1761 (XVII) of 6 November 1962 (The policies of apartheid of the Government of the Republic of South Africa).

Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, 25 June 1993.

General Assembly Resolution 48/141 of 20 December 1993 (High Commissioner for the promotion and protection of all human rights). 

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Rules of Procedure, 2009.