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Mr. Jim Cloos

Mr. Jim Cloos
Deputy Director-General for
General and Institutional Policy
General Secretariat
Council of the European Union

BiographyBiography in PDF

Regional Organizations
European Union
A Short History of the European Union
An interview with Mr. Jim Cloos
by Mr. David Nanopoulos
Legal Officer, Codification Division
Office of Legal Affairs

Video   (45 minutes)
Regional Organizations
European Union
A Short History of the European Union
A. Legal Instruments

Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community, Paris, 18 April 1951.

Treaty instituting the European Defence Community, Paris, 27 May 1952.

Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, Rome, 25 March 1957.

Treaty establishing the European Economic Community (renamed as the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, as amended by Article 2 of the Lisbon Treaty), Rome, 25 March 1957, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 298, p. 11.

Treaty establishing a Single Council and a Single Commission of the European Communities (Merger Treaty), Brussels, 8 April 1965.

Single European Act, Luxembourg, 17 February 1986 and The Hague, 28 February 1986, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1754, p. 3.

Treaty on European Union (with protocols and final act), Maastricht, 7 February 1992, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1759, p. 3.

Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts (with annex and protocols and declarations and final act), Amsterdam, 2 October 1997, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2700, p. 161.

Treaty of Nice amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts (with protocols, final act and declarations), Nice, 26 February 2001, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2701, p. 3.

Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, Rome, 29 October 2004.

Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (with protocols, annexes and final act),  Lisbon, 13 December 2007, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2702, p. 3.

B. Documents

Schuman Declaration, Paris, 9 May 1950.

Luxembourg compromise, Luxembourg, 30 January 1966.

Report to the Council and the Commission on the realization by stages of Economic and Monetary Union in the Community - “Werner Report”, Luxembourg, 8 October 1970.

European Council meeting, Copenhagen, 21 and 22 June 1993, Bull. EC 6-1993.