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Ms. Hampson J.Françoise

Ms. Malgosia Fitzmaurice
Professor of Public International Law
Department of Law
Queen Mary University of London

BiographyBiography in PDF


Law of the Sea
Marine Environment
Whaling: the Gordian Knot of International Law
Video | Audio
(30 minutes)
Law of the Sea
Marine Environment
Whaling: the Gordian Knot of International Law
A. Legal Instruments
Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, Geneva, 24 September 1931, League of Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 155, p. 349.

International Agreement for the Regulation of Whaling, London, 8 June 1937, League of Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 190, p. 79.

International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, Washington, 2 December 1946, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 161, p. 72.
B. Jurisprudence
International Court of Justice, Whaling in the Antarctic (Australia v. Japan: New Zealand intervening), Judgement, I.C.J Reports 2014, p. 226.
C. Documents
Moratorium of the International Whaling Commission on Factory Ship Whaling, 1979.

Moratorium of the International Whaling Commission on a Commercial Whaling with a zero quota catch limit for all Commercial Whaling, 1982.

Moratorium of the International Whaling Commission on its 1985/1986 session on the Commercial Whaling.

Human Rights Committee, Länsman et al. v. Finland, Communication No. 511/1992, U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/52/D/511/1992 (1994).
D. Doctrine
A. Kalland, “Whose Whale Is That? Diverting the Commodity Path”, in M. M. R. Freeman and U. Kreuter (eds.), Elephants and Whales. Resources for Whom?, Basle, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 1994, pp. 159-86, 178-9.