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Mr. Adelardus Kilangi

Mr. Adelardus Kilangi
Member and President, African Union Commission on International Law
Dean of the Faculty of Law,
St. Augustine University of Tanzania

BiographyBiography in PDF

States
Sovereignty
The Principle of Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources in Africa 50 Years after its Promulgation

Video | Audio
(50 minutes)
States
Sovereignty
The Principle of Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources in Africa
50 Years after its Promulgation
A. Legal Instruments

Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice, San Francisco, 26 June 1945.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, New York, 16 December 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 999, p. 171.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, New York, 16 December 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 993, p. 3.

African Convention on the Conservation of nature and Natural Resources (with annexed list of protected species), Algiers, 16 September 1968, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1001, p. 3.

Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, Stockholm, 16 June 1972.

Declaration on the Establishment of the New International Economic Order, General Assembly resolution 3201 (S-VI) of 1 May 1974.

Charter of Economic Rights and Duties, General Assembly resolution 3281 (XXIX) of 12 December 1974.

Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties, Vienna, 23 August 1978, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1946, p. 3.

African Charter on Human and People’s Rights, Nairobi, 27 June 1981, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1520, p. 217.

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, 14 June 1992, in Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (CONF.151/26/Rev.1(Vol.I)), Annex I.

Protocol to the Pact on Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources, 30 November 2006.


B. Documents

General Assembly resolution 523 (VI) of 12 January 1952 (Integrated economic development and commercial agreements).

General Assembly resolution 626 (VII) of 21 December 1952 (Right to exploit freely natural wealth and resources).

General Assembly resolution 1314 (XIII) of 12 December 1958 (Recommendations concerning international respect for the rights of peoples and nations to self-determination).

General Assembly resolution 1515 (XV) of 15 December 1960 (Concerted action for economic development of economically less developed countries).

General Assembly resolution 1803 (XVII) of 14 December 1962 (Permanent sovereignty over natural resources).

General Assembly resolution 1995 (XIX) of 30 December 1964 (Establishment of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development as an organ of the General Assembly).

General Assembly resolution 2158 (XXI) of 25 November 1966 (Permanent sovereignty over natural resources).

General Assembly resolution 2692 (XXV) of 11 December 1970 (Permanent sovereignty over natural resources of developing countries and expansion of domestic sources of accumulation for economic development).

General Assembly resolution 3202 (S-VI) of 1 May 1974 (Programme of Action on the Establishment of the New International Economic Order).