• Lecture
  • Related Materials

Mr. Salman M.A. Salman

Mr. Salman M.A. Salman
Lead Counsel and Water Law Adviser Legal Vice Presidency
The World Bank

Biography Biography in PDF
السيره Biography in Arabic in PDF
International Watercourses
The Evolution, Codification and Current Status of International Water Law
The lecture describes the developments in international water law since 1911. It reviews and analyzes the work of the Institute of International Law, the International Law Association, and the International Law Commission, paying particular attention to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses.

Original Lecture
English  (37 minutes)

Lecture with simultaneous interpretation
中文 Français Русский Español


 
تطور وتدوين و الوضع الحالي للقانون المياه الدولي
تتناول المحاضرة التطورات التي مرّ بها القانون الدولي للمياه منذ العام 1911. و تصف المحاضرة وتحلل الدور الذي قام به كلٌ من معهد القانون الدولي و رابطة القانون الدولي و كذلك لجنة القانون الدولي، مُركِّزةً على اتفاقية الأمم المتحدة بشأن قانون استخدام المجاري المائية في الأغراض غير الملاحيّة.

Original Lecture
العربية   (37 minutes)


Recording facilities courtesy of
Georgetown University Law Center
International Watercourses
The Evolution, Codification and Current Status of International Water Law
A. Legal Instruments
League of Nations, Convention and Statute on the Regime of Navigable Waterways of International Concern, Barcelona, 20 April 1921, League of Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 7, p. 35.

League of Nations, Convention Relating to the Development of Hydraulic Power Affecting More than One State, Geneva, 9 December 1923, League of Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 36, p. 77.

International Law Commission, Draft Articles on the Law of the Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses, 1994, reproduced in Yearbook of the International Law Commission, vol. 2, Part Two, 1994, p. 89.

Protocol on Shared Watercourses in the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Maseru, 16 May 1995.

General Assembly resolution 51/29 of 21 May 1997 (Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses).

Revised Protocol on Shared Watercourses in the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Windhoek, 7 August 2000.

Protocol for Sustainable Development of Lake Victoria Basin, Arusha, 29 November 2003.

Agreement On The Establishment Of The Zambezi Watercourse Commission, Kasane, 13 July 2004.
B. Jurisprudence
International Court of Justice, Gabčikovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary/Slovakia), Judgment of 25 September 1997, I.C.J. Reports 1997, p. 7.
C. Documents
Institute of International Law, International Regulations Regarding the Use of International Watercourses for Purposes Other than Navigation, Madrid, 20 April 1911, in Yearbook of the Institute of International Law, vol. 24, 1911, p. 365.

International Law Association, A Statement of Principles upon which to base Rules of Law Concerning the Uses of International Rivers, in Report of the Forty Seventh ConferenceHeld at Dubrovnik, August 26th to September 1st 1956, London, 1957.

International Law Association, Resolution on the Use of International Rivers, New York, September 1958.

General Assembly resolution 1401 (XIV) of 21 November 1959 (Preliminary Studies on the Legal Problems relating to the Utilization and Use of International Rivers).

Institute of International Law, Utilisation of Non-maritime International Waters
(Except for Navigation), Salzburg, 11 September 1961, in Yearbook of the Institute of International Law, vol. 49, pt. 2, 1961, p. 381.

International Law Association, Helsinki Rules on the Uses of the Waters of International Rivers, Helsinki, 20 August 1966.

General Assembly resolution 2669 (XXV) of 8 December 1970 (Progressive Development and Codification of the Rules of International Law relating to International Watercourses).

Legal problems relating to the utilization and use of international rivers – Report by the
Secretary-General, New York, 15 April 1963, in Yearbook of the International Law Commission, vol. 2, part 2, 1974, p. 33.

Institute of International Law, Resolution of the Pollution of Rivers and Lakes and International Law, Athens, 12 September 1979, Yearbook of the Institute of International Law, vol. 58, pt. 2, 1980, p. 196.

Report of the International Law Commission on the work of its forty-sixth session, (A/49/10, 2 May - 22 July 1994), reproduced in Yearbook of the International Law Commission, vol. 2, Part Two, 1994, p. 1).

World Commission for Water in the 21st Century, A Water Secure World - Vision for Water, Life and the Environment, World Commission on Water, London, 2000.

World Commission on Dams, Dams and Development - A New Framework for Decision-Making (The Report of the World Commission on Dams), Earthscan Publications, London, November 2000.

International Law Association, Berlin Rules on Water Resources, Berlin, 21 August 2004.
D. Doctrine
W. Cosgrove and Rijsberman, World Water Vision — Making Water Everybody’s Business, World Water Council, London, 2000.

S.C. McCaffrey, The Law of International Watercourses, 2nd edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2007.

S.M.A. Salman, “The Helsinki Rules, the UN Watercourses Convention and the Berlin Rules: Perspectives on International Water Law”, International Journal of Water Resources Development, vol. 23, 2007, p. 625.

S.M.A. Salman, “The United Nations Watercourses Convention Ten Years Later – Why Has its Entry into Force Proven Difficult?”, Water International, vol. 32, 1997, p. 1.

S.M.A. Salman and L. Boisson de Chazournes, “International Watercourses – Enhancing Cooperation and Managing Conflict”, World Bank Technical Paper No. 414, 1998.

S.M.A. Salman and L. Boisson de Chazournes, Water Resources and International Law, The Hague Academy of International Law and Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden/Boston, 2005.

A. Tanzi and M. Arcari, The United Nations Convention on the Law of International Watercourses, Kluwer Law International, The Hague, 2001.