Codification Division Publications: United Nations Juridical Yearbook Codification Division Publications: United Nations Juridical Yearbook

Last update: January 24, 2018

1979

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Part One. Legal status of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations

Chapter I. Legislative texts concerning the legal status of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations View PDF file
  1. Austria  
    (a) Ordinance of the Federal Government of 17 October 1978 on the granting of privileges and immunities to permanent observer missions to international organizations 3
    (b) Ordinance of the Federal Government of 5 June 1979 on the granting of privileges and immunities to the Permanent Observer Mission of the Commission of the European Communities 4
  2. Cape Verde  
      Decree-law 84/79, which became effective on 13 October 1979, established a new regulation on the Motor Vehicle Circulation Tax concerning the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations Organization and Specialized Agencies 5
  3. Czechoslovakia  
      Notice of the Federal Ministry of Foreign Trade of 12 May 1979 prohibiting or limiting the exportation of certain goods by tourists 5
  4. El Salvador  
      Regulations for the granting of tax exemptions to diplomatic representations and representations of international organizations 6
  5. United States of America  
      Department of State Regulations on liability insurance 7
Chapter II. Treaty provisions concerning the legal status of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations   View PDF file
A. Treaty provisions concerning the legal status of the United Nations  
  1. Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations. Approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 13 February 1946 10
  2. Agreements relating to meetings and installations 10
  3. Agreements relating to the United Nations Children's Fund: Revised Model Agreement concerning the activities of UNICEF 34
  4. Agreements relating to the United Nations Development Programme: Standard basic agreement concerning assistance by the United Nations Development Programme 34
  5. Agreements relating to the United Nations Revolving Fund for Natural Resources Exploration 35
  6. Agreement between the United Nations Environment Programme and Norway on the Provision of Junior Professional Officers. Signed at Nairobi on 29 January 1979 37
B. Treaty provisions concerning the legal status of intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies. Approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 21 November 1947 38
  2. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 39
  3. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 39
  4. World Health Organization 40
  5. World Meteorological Organization 40
  6. International Atomic Energy Agency 41

Part Two. Legal activities of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations

Chapter III. General review of the legal activities of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations  View PDF file
A. General review of the legal activities of the United Nations  
  1. Disarmament and related matters 45
  2. Other political and security questions 54
  3. Economic, social and humanitarian questions 58
  4. Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea 67
  5. International Court of Justice 69
  6. International Law Commission 70
  7. United Nations Commission on International Trade Law 72
  8. Legal questions dealt with by the Sixth Committee of the General Assembly and by ad hoc legal bodies 73
  9. United Nations Institute for Training and Research 76
B. General review of the legal activities of intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. International Labour Organization 77
  2. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 78
  3. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 82
  4. International Civil Aviation Organization 89
  5. Universal Postal Union 90
  6. World Health Organization 95
  7. World Bank 97
  8. International Monetary Fund 97
  9. World Meteorological Organization 102
  10. Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization 103
  11. International Atomic Energy Agency 104
  12. International Fund for Agricultural Development 105
Chapter IV. Treaties concerning international law concluded under the auspices of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations  View PDF file
   Treaties concerning international law concluded under the auspices of the United Nations  
  1. Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, adopted by the General Assembly on 5 December 1979 109
  2. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, adopted by the General Assembly on 18 December 1979 115
  3. International Convention against the Taking of Hostages, adopted by the General Assembly on 17 December 1979 124
Chapter V. Decisions of Administrative Tribunals of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations  View PDF file
A. Decisions of the Administrative Tribunal of the United Nations  
  1. Judgement No. 237 ( 13 February 1979): Powell v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application seeking rescission of a bulletin suspending the practice followed by the United Nations up to that time pursuant to a previous bulletin by which the Organization reimbursed national taxes levied on one-third lump sum pension payments—Origin of staff regulation 3.3 (f) on the reimbursement of national taxation in respect of salaries and emoluments paid to the staff of the Organization Authority of the Secretary-General to issue, for the purpose of applying the Staff Rules and Regulations, circulars which the Tribunal has held to have the same force and effect as the Staff Rules unless inconsistent with the Staff Regulations—Concept of acquired rights—under its Statute the Tribunal is competent to rescind individual decisions but not to rescind erga omnes a decision which is in the nature of a regulation—Examination at the request of the respondent of the question of the legality of the practice followed by the Organization prior to issuing the bulletin mentioned in the application—Arguments adduced from the fact that staff regulation 3.3 refers only to "salaries and emoluments" and covers only staff members in service—Arguments adduced from the fact that the one-third lump sum pension payment is not subject to staff assessment—Rejection of these arguments 129
  2. Judgement No. 238 (8 February 1979): Carlson v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application by a serving staff member requesting the Tribunal, first, to order the rescission of the bulletin referred to in the application which gave rise to Judgement No. 237 and, second, to order the reimbursement of taxes owed in respect of a one-third lump sum pension benefit—Rejection of the first plea for the reasons stated in Judgement No. 237—Rejection of the second plea as unfounded since the staff member had not yet retired 132
  3. Judgement No. 239 (13 February 1979): Masiello v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      The case is similar to that dealt with in Judgement No. 238 132
  4. Judgement No. 240 (15 May 1979): Newton v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application by a former staff member of UNRWA seeking the validation for pension purposes of periods of previous service performed at a time when UNRWA staff members were not eligible to be participants in the Pension Fund—Decision of the General Assembly limiting the power to validate such periods of service to the case of staff members still in pay status as at a specific date—Allegations of injustice and discriminatory treatment—The Tribunal has no competence to rule on a decision of the General Assembly, or on the Secretary-General's proposal which served as the basis for such a decision 132
  5. Judgement No. 241 (17 May 1979): Furst v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application contesting, first, the appointment of a staff member at a given level to fill a post graded at the next higher level and, second, a decision to transfer the applicant, which he contended was a misuse of power that resulted in detriment to him 133
  6. Judgement No. 242 (22 May 1979): Klee v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application seeking compensation for the injury suffered by the applicant as the result of a decision depriving him of a legitimate expectancy of extension of his appointment—Determination of the duration of the appointment on which the applicant could reasonably count—Extent to which periods of service completed by the applicant under short-term appointments may be deducted from the anticipated total duration of the appointment for the purposes of assessing compensation 134
  7. Judgement No. 243 (23 May 1979): Jimenez Carillo v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application requesting compensation for the illness and death of a staff member, attributable, according to the applicant, to the performance of official duties on behalf of the United Nations—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review in such cases—Administrative negligence entailing the responsibility of the respondent in the case 135
  8. Judgement No. 244 (25 May 1979): Bernard v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application contesting the validity of a termination by mutual consent pursuant to staff regulation 9.1 (a) and of a deduction from payments due upon separation from service pursuant to staff rule 103.18 (b) (iii) for the purpose of paying a private debt of the staff member concerned—Proof of consent by a staff member to a termination by mutual agreement—Policy of the Organization with regard to the application of staff rule 103.18 (b) (iii)—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to decisions taken pursuant to a provision conferring discretionary authority on the Secretary-General—Question of determining whether the termination indemnity falls under the category of "emoluments" mentioned in staff rule 103.18 (b) (iii) 136
  9. Judgement No. 245 (25 May 1979): Shamsee v. United Nations Joint Staff Pension Board  
      Application seeking execution of a sequestration order issued by a domestic court with regard to the pension of a former staff member—The Pension Fund enjoys the same immunity from every form of legal process as the United Nations and the waiver of such immunity cannot extend to measures of execution—Risk that in the absence of an appropriate provision in the Pension Fund Regulations, persons receiving pensions from the Pension Fund may use the immunities of the Fund as a shield against performance of their private obligations 138
  10. Judgement No. 246 (2 October 1979): Fayemiwo v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application contesting a decision terminating a regular appointment by virtue of staff regulation 9.1 (c)—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision—Allegations of prejudice and procedural defects 139
  11. Judgement No. 247 (4 October 1979): Dhawan v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application seeking compensation for injury sustained, according to the staff member concerned, as a result of an error committed by the Administration regarding his possible participation in the Joint Staff Pension Fund—Conclusion of the Tribunal that by virtue of the relevant texts, the staff member was entitled to participate in the Fund as an associate participant—Rejection of the contention that the staff member had signed a contract excluding his participation in the Fund because the Organization had agreed to appoint him at a higher step than originally envisaged—Computation of the compensation due—Statement of the reasons for the decision concerning the amount of the compensation, in accordance with article 9, paragraph 1, of the Statute of the Tribunal 140
  12. Judgement No. 248 (5 October 1979): Segerström v. United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East  
      Application contesting a decision not to renew a fixed-term appointment—Contention that because of the conditions in which the applicant was required to work, the respondent was not able to assess his performance—Contention derived from the clause in the contract of appointment providing for the automatic extension of a one-year appointment to two years after the completion of a six-month probationary period, provided that the applicant's services were satisfactory—Rejection of those contentions 141
  13. Judgement No. 249 (8 October 1979): Smith v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application requesting reimbursement of salary withheld following work stoppages—Unauthorized absence and failure to perform duties remove the basis for payment of salary—Jurisprudence of the Tribunal according to which the resolutions of the General Assembly constitute, as far as the staff members to whom they are applied are concerned, conditions of employment to be taken into account by the Tribunal—Rejection by the Tribunal of arguments based on the doctrine of estoppel—Concept of "unauthorized absence" 142
  14. Judgement No. 250 (9 October 1979): Sforza-Chrzanowski v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application seeking recognition of the abnormal character of a termination of services following a transfer measure which was allegedly invalid—Limit of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to decisions falling within the discretionary authority of the Administration 144
  15. Judgement No. 251 (11 October 1979): Noble v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application contesting decisions withholding periodic salary increments—Obligation of the respondent to comply with the provisions of the applicable texts designed to ensure that the staff member's case is given careful consideration 144
  16. Judgement No. 252 (11 October 1979): Zanartu v. United Nations Joint Staff Pension Board  
      Application contesting a decision depriving a staff member of an early retirement benefit on the basis of a decision by the Pension Fund granting him a disability benefit—Article 28 (a) of the Pension Fund Regulations—Determination of incapacity for the purpose of disability benefits may be made only at the request of the organization involved 145
B. Decisions of the Administrative Tribunal of the International Labour Organization  
  1. Judgement No. 368 (18 June 1979): Elsen and Elsen-Drouot v. European Patent Organization  
      Effect of the merger of two international organizations on their staff regulations and rules. Receivability of a complaint on that matter. Non-existence of an acquired right to the rate, amount or conditions of payment of expatriation allowance. Scope of the principle of equal treatment 146
  2. Judgement No. 369 (18 June 1979): Nuss v. European Patent Organization  
      Effect of the merger of two international organizations on their staff regulations and rules. Receivability of a complaint on that matter. Non-existence of an acquired right to privileges, immunities and facilities granted to the Organization and its officials in the interest of the Organization 148
  3. Judgement No. 370 (18 June 1979): Mertens v. European Patent Organization  
      Complaint impugning a decision not including a staff member in the promotion list. Exhaustion of internal means of redress in cases of non-appealability of decisions. Discretionary character of decision not to promote. Limited circumstances under which a discretionary decision may be interfered with: lack of authority, formal or procedural flaw, mistake of fact or of law, omission of essential facts, abuse of authority, mistaken conclusions drawn from facts. Non-existence of those circumstances in the decision involved in the present case. Dismissal of the complaint 149
  4. Judgement No. 371 (18 June 1979): Mertens v. European Patent Organization (No. 2)  
      Effect of the merger of two international organizations on their staff regulations and rules. Receivability of a complaint on that matter. Non-existence of an acquired right to a specific grade if the duties and remuneration of the post remain the same. Non-existence of an acquired right to the method of salary adjustment, to conditions governing promotion, to conditions of payment of expatriation allowance or to privileges and immunities granted to the Organization and its officials in the interest of the Organization. Compensation factors in the application of the principle of equal treatment 151
  5. Judgement No. 372 (18 June 1979): Guyon v. European Patent Organization  
      This case is broadly similar to the case dealt with in Judgement No. 369 153
  6. Judgement No. 373 (18 June 1979): Abbot v. World Health Organization  
      Complaint seeking compensation for loss of professional standing following a decision to abolish a post and to transfer a staff member. Discretionary character of the impugned decision. Circumstances under which such decisions may be interfered with by the Tribunal. Impugned decision found by the Tribunal as implying either error of fact or law, lack of consideration of essential facts or clearly mistaken conclusion drawn from facts. Obligation for the Organization to compensate the staff member for loss of professional standing and for personal distress caused by improper transfer 153
  7. Judgement No. 374 (18 June 1979): Almini v. International Centre for Advanced Technical and Vocational Training (International Labour Organisation)  
      Complaint seeking interpretation of the words "one year's salary compensation"to be paid in lieu of reinstatement ordered by the Tribunal in another judgement. Interpretation of those words by the Tribunal as meaning net salary at the end of the appointment plus incidental allowances including post adjustment 154
  8. Judgement No. 375 (18 June 1979): Duran v. Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)  
      Complaint impugning a decision terminating sick leave and ordering reassignment of a staff member. Receivability of the complaint. Test of receivability of a complaint applies to the decisions as a whole, not to separate issues raised by them. Medical and financial aspects involved in granting of sick leave. Power of the Director to assess evidence of incapacitation if contradictory or indeterminate. Discretionary power of the Director to order reassignment of a staff member. Circumstances which a transfer must not involve. Dismissal of the complaint by the Tribunal 154
  9. Judgement No. 376 (18 June 1979): Huneke-Logan v. World Health Organization  
      Complaint impugning a decision to terminate an appointment on grounds of physical limitations. Decision of the Tribunal concluding that the impugned decision was a lawful application of the relevant staff rule 156
  10. Judgement No. 377 (18 June 1979): Rudin v. International Labour Organisation  
      Complaint impugning a decision on the grading of a post. Procedure to be followed. Discretionary authority of the Director-General on matters of post-grading 158
  11. Judgement No. 378 (18 June 1979): Sauer v. European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation  
      Complaint by a technical staff member of the Karlsruhe Control Centre impugning a decision declaring him as having "non-active status". Circumstances under which such a declaration is lawful. Dismissal of the complaint by the Tribunal 158
  12. Judgement No. 379 (18 June 1979): Paulus v. European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol)  
      Complaint alleging mishandling of personnel file of a staff member by the Organization. Need to prove material or moral prejudice to claim compensation 159
  13. Judgement No. 380 (18 June 1979): Bernard and Coffino v. Interim Commission for the International Trade Organization/General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (ICITO-GATT)  
      Complaint contesting the introduction of a new salary scale for General Service staff to replace a scale established following negotiations between the administration concerned and the staff representatives. Effect of the establishment of the International Civil Service Commission on earlier practice in this field. Relationship in this field between the United Nations and its specialized agencies. Question whether the Director-General has a statutory or contractual, express or implied, obligation to negotiate with the staff representatives before introducing the new scale. Distinction between consultation and negotiation. Dismissal of the complaint by the Tribunal 160
  14. Judgement No. 381 (18 June 1979): Domon and Lhoest v. World Health Organization  
      This case is broadly similar to the case dealt with in Judgement No. 380 163
  15. Judgement No. 382 (18 June 1979): Hatt and Leuba v. World Meteorological Organization  
      This case is broadly similar to the case dealt with in Judgement No. 380 163
  16. Judgement No. 383 (18 June 1979): Riedinger v. European Patent Organization  
      The Tribunal recorded the withdrawal of suit by the complainant 163
  17. Judgement No. 384 (18 June 1979): Peeters v. International Patent Institute  
      The Tribunal recorded the withdrawal of suit by the complainant 163
  18. Judgement No. 385 (18 June 1979): Peeters v. International Patent Institute  
      The Tribunal recorded the withdrawal of suit by the complainant 163
  19. Judgement No. 386 (18 June 1979): Houyez v. European Patent Organization  
      The Tribunal recorded the withdrawal of suit by the complainant 163
  20. Judgement No. 387 (18 June 1979): Niveau de Villedary v. European Patent Organization  
      The Tribunal recorded the withdrawal of suit by the complainant 163
Chapter VI. Selected legal opinions of the secretariats of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations  View PDF file
A. Legal opinions of the Secretariat of the United Nations (issued or prepared by the Office of Legal Affairs)  
  1. Legal consequences of an inability of the General Assembly to elect a nonpermanent member of the Security Council 164
  2. Question of representation of Democratic Kampuchea at the resumed thirty-third session of the General Assembly. Provisional seating of challenged representatives of a Member State. Majority required for reconsideration of representatives' credentials already accepted by the General Assembly. The General Assembly is not bound by other United Nations organs' decisions regarding representation 166
  3. The accreditation of a permanent representative to the Secretary-General in New York does not extend to the United Nations Office and the Economic Commission for Europe at Geneva unless this is expressly stated in the credentials. The phrase "for all organs" included in some letters of accreditation to the Secretary-General should be interpreted as referring to the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council and the Security Council. Form of accreditation of permanent representatives at Geneva 168
  4. Legal basis for the observer status of the Palestine Liberation Organization. Applicability of certain provisions of the Headquarters Agreement between the United Nations and the host country. Lack of entitlement of PLO observer to diplomatic privileges and immunities. Applicability of local zoning laws and regulations to property acquired by PLO in the Headquarters district 169
  5. Question whether General Assembly appropriations for the United Nations International School can be considered "expenses of the Organization" within the meaning of paragraph 2 of Article 17 of the Charter 170
  6. Question concerning the characterization of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities as a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly 171
  7. Question whether the Cook Islands are eligible to receive a UNDP indicative planning figure (IFF) independence bonus. Distinction between self-governing territories and independent States under international law 172
  8. Question whether the law enforcement technique of "controlled delivery" may be considered in compliance with international conventions on narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. The said conventions provide State parties with a legal power to seize and confiscate illicit drugs but do not create a legal obligation to do so. Compatibility of the "controlled delivery" technique with the object and purpose of the conventions concerned. The said technique as a legitimate exercise of the discretion of State parties as to the manner in which the authority to seize and confiscate should be exercised 174
  9. Relationship between Chairmanship and membership of the International Civil Service Commission. Question whether the Chairman (or Vice-Chairman) may resign the Chairmanship (or Vice-Chairmanship) while remaining a member of the Commission 176
  10. Question whether a unit of the Secretariat may perform functions "under the guidance" of organs other than the Secretary-General. Exclusive responsibility of the Secretary-General with regard to the staff of the Organization 177
  11. Question concerning non-United Nations use of the United Nations Environment Programme symbol. Analogy with non-United Nations use of the United Nations emblem. Discretion of the Secretary-General on the matter 178
  12. Circumstances under which a staff member should be classified as stateless for United Nations purposes. Lack of valid passport does not necessarily indicate statelessness. "De jure" and not "de facto" statelessness should be considered for United Nations purposes. The case of black South Africans under South African laws with particular reference to Bantu homelands and independent homelands 180
  13. Law regulating marital status for United Nations administrative purposes 182
  14. Question of applicable law in work relations between the United Nations and its staff. Inapplicability of national laws. Applicability of United Nations Staff Regulations and Rules. Distinction between fixed-term appointments and appointments for indefinite periods. Extension of fixed-term appointments to permit exhaustion of sick leave entitlements already accrued 182
  15. Question regarding the refusal of several operational assistance (OPAS) experts to follow instructions of the Secretary-General. OPAS experts are subject to instructions of the Secretary-General, including on security matters. Consequences of refusal to follow such instructions 183
  16. Question concerning the legal status of United Nations consultants. Special service agreements regulate rights and obligations of consultants, United Nations Staff Rules. Lack of a right to compensation for loss of personal effects. Difference in nature between compensation for loss of personal effects and compensation for death, injury or illness 187
  17. Question concerning termination of permanent appointments on the basis of abolition of posts. Conditions to be met and procedures to be followed under the Staff Regulations. Consideration of affected staff members to be retained in preference to those on all other types of appointments. Question whether affected staff members should be considered for lower-level posts. Question whether in cases of abolition of posts agreed termination may be offered to affected staff members 188
  18. Claims for compensation under articles 5 and 6 of Appendix D of the Staff Rules. Question regarding their applicability in case of the existence of "no fault" laws in the local forum—Sums recovered through application of "no fault" laws or through a common law negligence claim to be taken into account by the Secretary-General when awarding compensation under Appendix D. Salary payments due to sick leave entitlements do not constitute compensation under Appendix D 190
  19. Compensation in the event of illness, accident or death attributable to the performance of official duties on behalf of the United Nations. Philosophy and purpose of Appendix D of the Staff Rules. Discretion of the Secretary-General to require claimants of compensation to assign rights of action against third parties or to join in prosecuting such action. Sums thus recovered from third parties as factors to be considered in assessing payments of compensation 192
  20. Practice of the Secretariat in cases where an agreement submitted for registration makes reference to an agreement which has not yet been registered under Article 102 of the Charter. Interpretation of paragraph 2 of that Article. Question whether reference to an unregistered agreement does not constitute "invocation" of that agreement before an organ of the United Nations (the Secretariat), which would preclude registration of the new agreement. Possible cases and courses of action by the Secretariat 195
B. Legal opinions of the Secretariats of Intergovernmental Organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. Universal Postal Union  
    Responsibility of Postal Administrations in case of damage caused to the exterior packaging of a postal parcel (Parcels, Agreement, art. 39)  
      An Administration requested the opinion of the International Bureau on a question in connexion with the extent of the responsibility of Postal Administrations with respect to postal parcels. More precisely, it wished to know whether Administrations were responsible for the damage caused to the exterior packaging of a parcel, in this instance a unit case, if the contents were not damaged 197
  2. World Health Organization  
    Amendment to rules of procedure of the Assembly requiring two-thirds majority for new category of decisions in addition to those for which WHO Constitution requires such majority—Question of constitutionality of the amendment  
      Statement made by the Director of the Legal Division at the 12th Plenary Meeting of the Thirty-second World Health Assembly on 22 May 1979 199

Part Three. Judicial decisions on questions relating to the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations

Chapter VII. Decisions and advisory opinions of international tribunals View PDF file
Chapter VIII. Decisions of national tribunals  View PDF file
  1. Canada  
    Federal Court  
      United Nations and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations v. Atlantic Seaways Corporation and Unimarine S.A.: Decision of 25 March 1979  
      Jurisdictional clause in a bill of lading providing for the exclusive applicability of Canadian law and the determination of disputes in Canada by the Federal Court of Canada—Question whether the jurisdiction in pursuance of the Federal Court in respect of a cargo claim extends to a cause of action arising outside Canada 204
  2. Israel  
    District Court of Haifa  
      The Government of Israel against Papa Coli Ben Dista Saar: Judgement of 10 May 1979  
      Question of the jurisdiction of an Israeli court regarding a member of a national contingent within UNIFIL, accused of smuggling explosives into Israeli territory—Claim of immunity from territorial jurisdiction—Question whether the accused could be considered as a member of a foreign military force present in Israel with the consent and permission of the State—Extent of the immunity of jurisdiction of members of such forces in the absence of a specific agreement on the matter between the host State and the country of the military forces origin—Question whether the accused could be considered as enjoying immunity from jurisdiction as a member of a United Nations force 205

Part Four. Bibliography

Bibliography View PDF file
Legal bibliography of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations  
A. International organizations and international law in general  
  1. General 214
  2. Particular questions 215
B. United Nations  
  1. General 216
  2. Particular organs  
      Administrative Tribunal 217
      General Assembly 217
      International Court of Justice 217
      Regional economic commissions 219
      Secretariat 219
      Security Council 219
  3. Particular questions or activities  
      Charter review 220
      Collective security 220
      Commercial arbitration 220
      Diplomatic relations 221
      Disarmament 221
      Domestic jurisdiction 222
      Environmental questions 222
      Human rights 223
      International criminal law 228
      International economic law 228
      International terrorism 230
      International trade law 231
      International waterways 233
      Law of the sea 233
      Law of treaties 238
      Law of war 240
      Maintenance of peace 243
      Namibia 244
      Natural resources 244
      Non-governmental organizations 244
      Non-self-governing territories 245
      Outer space 245
      Peaceful settlement of disputes 247
      Political and security questions 248
      Progressive development and codification of international law (general) 248
      Refugees 249
      Right of asylum 249
      Self-determination 249
      State responsibility 250
      State sovereignty 250
      State succession 250
      Technical co-operation 251
      Trade and development 252
      Use of force 253
C. Intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. General 254
  2. Particular organizations  
      Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 254
      General Agreement on Tariffs and Trades 255
      Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization 255
      International Atomic Energy Agency 256
      International Civil Aviation Organization 257
      International Labour Organisation 258
      International Monetary Fund 259
      International Telecommunication Union 259
      United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 260
      World Bank 260
      International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes 260
      World Health Organization 260
      World Intellectual Property Organization 261
      World Tourism Organization 261