Codification Division Publications: United Nations Juridical Yearbook Codification Division Publications: United Nations Juridical Yearbook

Last update: January 24, 2018

2012

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Part One. Legal status of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations

Chapter I. Legislative texts concerning the legal status of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations View PDF file
Chapter II. Treaties concerning the legal status of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations View PDF file
A. Treaties concerning the legal status of the United Nations  
  1. Status of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations. Approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 13 February 1946 5
  2. Agreements relating to missions, offices and meetings  
    (a) Agreement between the United Nations and the Government of the Republic of Korea regarding the establishment of the Regional Centre for Asia and the Pacific of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law. Incheon, 10 January 2012 5
    (b) Agreement between the Government of Libya and the United Nations concerning the status of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya. Tripoli, 10 January 2012 13
    (c) Agreement between the United Nations and the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia concerning the status of the United Nations Political Office for Somalia. Mogadishu, 24 January 2012 26
    (d) Agreement between the United Nations and the Government of India relating to the establishment of the Sub-regional Office for South and South-West Asia of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. Bangkok, 13 March 2012 40
    (e) Exchange of letters constituting an Agreement between the United Nations and the Government of the Republic of India concerning the organization of the Fifth Regional Workshop for Police Officers, Prosecutors and Judges in South Asia on Effectively Countering Terrorism to be held in New Delhi, India, from 20 to 22 March 2012. New York, 16 and 20 March 2012 48
    (f) Agreement between the United Nations and the Federative Republic of Brazil regarding arrangements for the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, to be held at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 13 to 22 June 2012. New York, 5 April 2012 51
    (g) Exchange of letters constituting an Agreement between the United Nations and the Government of Thailand on the holding of the Regional Course in International Law, to be held in Bangkok from 12 to 30 November 2012. New York, 27 February 2012 and 22 May 2012 59
    (h) Agreement between the United Nations and the Government of Sudan concerning the status of the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei. New York, 1 October 2012 63
  3. Other agreements  
      Memorandum of Understanding between the United Nations and the International Criminal Court concerning cooperation between the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) and the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. New York, 20 and 23 January 2012 78
  4. United Nations Development Programme  
    (a) Agreement between the Republic of Nauru and the United Nations Development Programme. Suva, 3 February 2012 96
    (b) Agreement between the Republic of Singapore and the United Nations Development Programme concerning the establishment of the Global Centre for Public Service Excellence. New York, 25 September 2012 106
B. Treaties concerning the legal status of intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies. Approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 21 November 1947 116
  2. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization  
      Agreement between the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization concerning the Fifth Session of the International Conference of Ministers and Senior Officials Responsible for Physical Education and Sport (MINEPS V). Paris, 10 August 2012 117
  3. International Fund for Agricultural Development  
      Agreement between the Government of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) on the establishment of the IFAD’s country office 121
  4. United Nations Industrial Development Organization  
    (a) Memorandum of understanding between the United Nations Industrial Development Organization and Israel’s Agency for International Development Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MASHAV), signed on 14 May 2012 127
    (b) Implementation agreement between the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, the United Nations Environment Programme and the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development of Côte d’Ivoire regarding the implementation of a project in Côte d’Ivoire entitled “Reducing mercury risks from artisanal and small scale gold mining (ASGM) in Côte d’Ivoire”, signed on 3, 19 and 26 October 2012 128
    (c) Trust fund agreement between the United Nations Industrial Development Organization and the Innovation and Industrial Development Fund, Republic of Armenia regarding the implementation of a project in Armenia entitled “Establishment of a Centre for International Industrial Cooperation (CIIC) in Armenia”, signed on 23 October and 5 November 2012 128
  5. Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons  
      Agreement between the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and the Czech Republic on the Privileges and Immunities of the OPCW 129

Part Two. Legal activities of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations

Chapter III. General review of the legal activities of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations View PDF file
A. General review of the legal activities of the United Nations  
  1. Membership of the United Nations 139
  2. Peace and security  
    (a) Peacekeeping missions and operations 140
    (b) Political and peacebuilding missions 148
    (c) Other bodies 153
    (d) Missions of the Security Council 155
    (e) Action of Member States authorized by the Security Council 157
    (f) Sanctions imposed under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations 160
    (g) Terrorism 169
    (h) Humanitarian law and human rights in the context of peace and security 173
    (i) Piracy 174
    (j) Transnational organized crime 175
  3. Disarmament and related matters  
    (a) Disarmament machinery 176
    (b) Nuclear disarmament and non-proliferations issues 178
    (c) Biological and chemical weapons issues 182
    (d) Conventional weapons issues 184
    (e) Regional disarmament activities of the United Nations 188
    (f) Outer space (disarmament aspects) 190
    (g) Other disarmament measures and international security 192
  4. Legal aspects of peaceful uses of outer space  
    (a) Legal Subcommittee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space 193
    (b) General Assembly 195
  5. Human Rights  
    (a) Sessions of the United Nations human rights bodies and treaty bodies 196
    (b) Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and all forms of discrimination 200
    (c) Right to development and poverty reduction 202
    (d) Right of peoples to self-determination 204
    (e) Economic, social and cultural rights 206
    (f) Civil and political rights 211
    (g) Rights of the child 218
    (h) Migrants 220
    (i) Internally displaced persons 221
    (j) Minorities 222
    (k) Indigenous issues 222
    (l) Terrorism and human rights 223
    (m) Promotion and protection of human rights 224
    (n) Persons with disabilities 226
    (o) Contemporary forms of slavery 227
    (p) Miscellaneous 228
  6. Women  
    (a) United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women) 230
    (b) Commission on the Status of Women 231
    (c) Economic and Social Council 232
    (d) General Assembly 232
  7. Humanitarian matters  
    (a) Economic and Social Council 233
    (b) General Assembly 234
  8. Environment  
    (a) United Nations Climate Change Conference in Doha 236
    (b) United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development 237
    (c) General Assembly 237
  9. Law of the Sea  
    (a) Reports of the Secretary-General 239
    (b) Meeting of States Parties to the Convention 242
    (c) Commemoration of thirtieth anniversary of the Convention 243
    (d) Consideration by the General Assembly 243
  10. Crime prevention and criminal justice  
    (a) Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime 244
    (b) Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice 245
    (c) Economic and Social Council 246
    (d) General Assembly 247
  11. International drug control  
    (a) Commission on Narcotic Drugs 248
    (b) Economic and Social Council 250
    (c) General Assembly 250
  12. Refugees and displaced persons  
    (a) Executive Committee of the Programme of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees 251
    (b) General Assembly 251
  13. International Court of Justice  
    (a) Organization of the Court 253
    (b) Jurisdiction of the Court (Corrigendum) 253
    (c) General Assembly 254
  14. International Law Commission  
    (a) Membership of the Commission 254
    (b) Sixty-fourth session of the International Law Commission 254
    (c) Sixth Committee 258
    (d) General Assembly 258
  15. United Nations Commission on International Trade Law  
    (a) Forty-fifth session of the Commission 259
    (b) Sixth Committee 263
    (c) General Assembly 264
  16. Legal questions dealt with by the Sixth Committee and other related subsidiary bodies of the General Assembly  
    (a) Criminal accountability of United Nations officials and experts on mission 264
    (b) United Nations Programme of Assistance in the Teaching, Study, Dissemination and Wider Appreciation of International Law 268
    (c) Status of the Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and relating to the protection of victims of armed conflicts 270
    (d) Consideration of effective measures to enhance the protection, security and safety of diplomatic and consular missions and representatives 271
    (e) Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization 273
    (f) The rule of law at the national and international levels 277
    (g) The scope and application of the principle of universal jurisdiction 279
    (h) Measures to eliminate international terrorism 281
    (i) Revitalization of the work of the General Assembly 286
    (j) Administration of justice at the United Nations 287
    (k) Report of the Committee on Relations with the Host Country 291
    (l) Observer Status in the General Assembly 292
  17. Ad hoc international criminal tribunals  
    (a) Organization of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 293
    (b) General Assembly 296
    (c) Security Council 296
  18. Rule of Law  
      High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels 297
B. General review of the legal activities of intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. International Labour Organization  
    (a) Treaty provisions concerning the legal status of the International Labour Organization (ILO) 299
    (b) Recommendation and resolutions adopted by the International Labour Conference during its 101st session (Geneva, June 2012) 300
    (c) Guidance documents submitted to the Governing Body of the International Labour Office 303
    (d) Legislative advisory services 303
    (e) Committee on Freedom of Association 304
    (f) Representations submitted under article 24 of the ILO Constitution and complaints made under article 26 of the ILO Constitution 304
    (g) Joint ILO/UNESCO Committee of Experts on the Application of the Recommendations concerning Teaching Personnel 304
  2. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations  
    (a) Membership of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 305
    (b) Constitutional and general legal matters 305
    (c) Activities in respect of multilateral treaties 306
    (d) Legislative matters 306
    (e) Agreements concluded under FAO auspices 308
  3. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization  
    (a) International regulations 309
    (b) Human rights 310
  4. World Health Organization  
    (a) Constitutional developments 311
    (b) Other normative developments and activities 311
    (c) Adoption of new instruments 313
  5. International Monetary Fund  
    (a) Membership 314
    (b) Issues pertaining to the representation at the IMF 315
    (c) Key policy decisions of the IMF 315
  6. International Civil Aviation Organization  
    (a) Depositary actions in relation to multilateral air law instruments 317
    (b) Activities of ICAO in the legal field 318
  7. International Maritime Organization  
    (a) Membership of the Organization 320
    (b) Review of the legal activities work undertaken by the IMO Legal Committee 320
    (c) Adoption of new instruments and of amendments to conventions and protocols 324
  8. Universal Postal Union 327
      Treaties concluded under the auspices of the UPU 328
  9. World Meteorological Organization  
    (a) Membership 329
    (b) Agreements and other arrangements concluded in 2012 329
  10. World Intellectual Property Organization  
    (a) Service: Facilitating international IP protection 332
    (b) Law: Developing the international IP framework 333
    (c) Infrastructure: Sharing knowledge and simplifying IP transactions 336
    (d) Development: Using IP to support economic development 337
  11. International Fund for Agricultural Development  
    (a) Membership 338
    (b) Partnership agreements and memoranda of understanding 338
    (c) Legal developments and other 338
  12. United Nations Industrial Development Organization  
    (a) Constitutional matters 340
    (b) Agreements and other arrangements concluded in 2012 341
  13. Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization  
    (a) Membership 347
    (b) Legal status, privileges and immunities and international agreements 348
    (c) Legislative assistance activities 348
  14. International Atomic Energy Agency  
    (a) Member States of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 349
    (b) Privileges and immunities 349
    (c) Treaties under IAEA auspices 349
    (d) IAEA legislative assistance activities 352
    (e) Conventions 353
    (f) Civil liability for nuclear damage 353
    (g) Non-binding instrument on the transboundary movement of scrap metal 354
    (h) Safeguards agreements 354
  15. Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)  
    (a) Membership 355
    (b) Legal status, privileges and immunities and international agreements 355
    (c) OPCW legislative assistance activities 355
    (d) Decisions adopted by the OPCW policy-making organs 356
  16. World Trade Organization  
    (a) Membership 357
    (b) Dispute settlement 359
    (c) Waivers under article IX of the WTO Agreement 361
Chapter IV. Treaties concerning international law concluded under the auspices of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations View PDF file
A. Treaties concerning international law concluded under the auspices of the United Nations 365
B. Treaties concerning international law concluded under the auspices of intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. International Maritime Organization 365
  2. World Health Organization  
      Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products. Seoul, 12 November 2012 365
  3. World Intellectual Property Organization  
      Beijing Treaty on Audiovisual Performances. Beijing, 24 June, 2012 396
Chapter V. Decisions of Administrative Tribunals of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations View PDF file
A. United Nations Dispute Tribunal 405
  1. Judgment No. UNDT/2012/027 (16 February 2012) Servas v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 406
  2. Judgment No. UNDT/2012/056 (19 April 2012) Fagundes v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 407
  3. Judgment No. UNDT/2012/067 (9 May 2012) Mokbel v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 409
  4. Judgment No. UNDT/2012/114 (31 July 2012): Applicant v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 410
  5. Judgment No. UNDT/2012/123 (10 August 2012): Neault v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 412
  6. Judgment No. UNDT/2012/135 (11 September 2012): Manco v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 413
  7. Judgment No. UNDT/2012/141 (24 September 2012): Cranfield v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 414
  8. Judgment No. UNDT/2012/178 (16 November 2012): Korotina v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 415
  9. Judgment No. UNDT/2012/200 (19 December 2012): Finniss v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 418
B. Decisions of the United Nations Appeals Tribunal 420
  1. Judgment No. 2012-UNAT-201 (16 March 2012): Obdeijn v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 420
  2. Judgment No. 2012-UNAT-231 (29 June 2012): Ortiz v. Secretary-General of the International Civil Aviation Organization 422
  3. Judgment No. 2012-UNAT-240 (29 June 2012): Johnson v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 423
  4. Judgment No. 2012-UNAT-252 (29 June 2012): Khambatta v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 424
  5. Judgment No. 2012-UNAT-276 (1 November 2012): Valimaki-Erk v. Secretary-General of the United Nations 425
C. Decisions of the Administrative Tribunal of the International Labour Organization  
  1. Judgment No. 3051 (8 February 2012): Daintith (No. 3), Hardon (No. 8) and Senfl (No. 7) v. European Patent Organization (EPO) 428
  2. Judgment No. 3061, Application for interpretation of Judgment No. 2092 (8 February 2012): Antonakakis (No. 3) v. United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 430
  3. Judgment No. 3065 (8 February 2012): Meyer (No. 4) v. International Labour Organization (ILO) 431
  4. Judgment No. 3076 (8 February 2012): Laperrière (No. 3) v. World Health Organization (WHO) 432
  5. Judgment No. 3078 (8 February 2012): Andrevet et al. v. Eurocontrol 433
  6. Judgment No. 3090 (8 February 2012): Rockwell v. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) 433
  7. Judgment No. 3013 (8 February 2012): Taverdyan (Nos. 1 and 2) v. International Labour Organization (ILO) 434
  8. Judgment No. 3106 (4 July 2012): Spina (No. 5) v. United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 436
  9. Judgment No. 3130 (4 July 2012): Madanpotra v. World Health Organization (WHO) 438
  10. Judgment No. 3135 (4 July 2012): Senou v. Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation 439
  11. Judgment No. 3138 (4 July 2012): Bahr (Nos. 2 and 3) v. International Telecommunication Union (ITU) 441
  12. Judgment No. 3141 (4 July 2012): Touré v. World Health Organization (WHO) 443
D. Decisions of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal  
  1. Decision No. 467 (27 June 2012): BW v. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development 446
  2. Decision No. 466 (27 June 2012): BV v. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development 448
E. Decisions of the Administrative Tribunal of the International Monetary Fund  
    Judgment No. 2012–1 (6 March 2012): Sachdev v. International Monetary Fund 449
Chapter VI. Selected legal opinions of the Secretariats of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations View PDF file
A. Legal opinions of the Secretariat of the United Nations  
  1. Privileges and immunities [see also: additional legal opinions]  
    (a) Note to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of [State] regarding the introduction of a weight limitation on United Nations diplomatic bags used by the United Nations Development Programme 453
    (b) Inter-office memorandum to the United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Resident Representative of [State] concerning the non-applicability of [State] Labour Laws to the United Nations 454
    (c) Note to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of [State A] concerning a request to [State B] staff members of the United Nations to leave the country or face possible detention 457
    (d) Note to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of [State] to the United Nations concerning certain labour claims filed against the United Nations Logistics Base in [City] in the Court of [City] by five former individual contractors 459
  2. Procedural and institutional issues  
    (a) Note to the Permanent Mission of [State] to the United Nations concerning the official and working languages of the United Nations 462
    (b) Inter-office memorandum to the Officer-in-Charge, Department of Management, concerning the possible conflict of interest arising from concurrent service as member of the Independent Audit Advisory Committee (IAAC), [Function] of the Panel of External Auditors (the Panel), and external auditor for the World Food Programme (WFP) 463
    (c) Inter-office memorandum to the Chief, Programme Planning and Partnerships Division, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), concerning the use of ESCAP name and emblem on a conference and exhibition owned and produced by a private company 465
    (d) Note to the Secretary-General’s Chef de cabinet concerning the participation of Palestine and the Holy See in two upcoming United Nations conferences 468
    (e) Inter-office memorandum to the High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Office of Disarmament Affairs (ODA), concerning the provision of grants to external entities from funds in the Trust Fund for Global and Regional Disarmament Activities 469
  3. Procurement  
    (a) Inter-office memorandum to the Director, Internal Audit Division, Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS), concerning the proper interpretation of financial rule 105.18(a): “not-to-exceed” provision in United Nations contracts 472
    (b) Inter-office memorandum to the Director, Procurement Division, Office of Central Support Services (OCSS), Department of Management, concerning contract documents included in written contracts concluded by the Organization 474
  4. Liability and responsibility of the United Nations  
      Inter-office memorandum to the Deputy Controller, concerning the proposed pro bono contribution to the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) by [Company] 475
  5. Personnel questions  
      Inter-office memorandum to the Senior Legal Officer, Office of Operations, United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), concerning the proposed secondment of personnel for the Care 4 the Climate (C4C) initiative 477
  6. Other issues  
    (a) Note concerning an allegation of attempted theft against a member of a military contingent 478
    (b) Inter-office memorandum to the Director of the Investigation Division, Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS), concerning a report of possible misconduct involving members of a military contingent 481
  7. Miscellaneous  
      Inter-office memorandum to the Officer-in-charge and Chief Legal Adviser, Legal Affairs Programme of the United Nations Climate Change Secretariat with respect to the legal status of Western Sahara and whether the Kingdom of Morocco can host a project activity within the territory of Western Sahara 483
B. Legal opinions of the secretariats of intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. International Fund for Agricultural Development  
    (a) Memorandum concerning safeguards for the long-term viability and continuity of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD or the Fund) operations 485
    (b) Inter-office memorandum to the Chairman of the Evaluation Committee concerning [State]’s request to attend the upcoming Evaluation Committee session as an observer 490
    (c) Internal communications concerning a non-member State’s request to make a statement during the Governing Council (GC) 493
  2. United Nations Industrial Development Organization  
    (a) Internal e-mail message concerning a request for amendment of [Title] Grant Agreement 494
    (b) Internal e-mail message concerning guardianship/adoption by [Name] [State] 495
    (c) Inter-office memorandum regarding a legal opinion on social security arrangements in respect of project personnel at [UNIDO International Centre] 496
    (d) Inter-office memorandum regarding a claim by [a staff member] for retroactive dependency allowances in respect of his children 500
  3. Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty Organization  
    (a) Inter-office memorandum to the Chief of Procurement regarding the interpretation of the Rule of Origin for Services of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (Commission) 503
    (b) Legal opinion on the status of the resolution establishing the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) 507

Part Three. Judicial decisions on questions relating to the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations

Chapter VII. Decisions and advisory opinions of international tribunals View PDF file
A. International Court of Justice 527
  1. Judgments 527
  2. Advisory Opinions 527
  3. Pending cases and proceedings as at 31 December 2012 528
B. International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea 528
  1. Judgments and Orders 528
  2. Pending cases and proceedings as at 31 December 2012 529
C. International Criminal Court 529
  1. Situations and cases before the Court as at 31 December 2012  
    (a) Situation in Uganda 529
    (b) Situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 530
    (c) Situation in Darfur, the Sudan 530
    (d) Situation in the Central African Republic 531
    (e) Situation in Kenya 531
    (f) Situation in Libya 531
    (g) Situation in Côte d’Ivoire 531
D. International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 532
  1. Judgments delivered by the Appeals Chamber 532
  2. Judgments delivered by the Trial Chambers 532
E. International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda 533
  1. Judgments delivered by the Appeals Chamber 533
  2. Judgments delivered by the Trial Chambers 534
F. Special Court for Sierra Leone 534
  1. Judgments delivered by the Appeals Chamber 534
  2. Judgments delivered by the Trial Chambers 535
G. Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia 535
  1. Judgement delivered by the Supreme Court Chamber 535
  2. Judgements delivered by the Trial Chamber 535
H. Special Tribunal for Lebanon 536
    Judgements 536
Chapter VIII. Decisions of national tribunals View PDF file
  The United States of America  
    Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of the Bronx—Part IA-19A  
      Nafissatou Diallo v. Dominique Strauss-Kahn, Decision, Index No. 307065/11 of 1 May 2012 537

Part Four. Bibliography

Bibliography View PDF file
A. International organizations in general  
  1. General 547
  2. Particular questions 548
  3. Responsibility of International Organizations 549
B. United Nations  
  1. General 549
  2. Principal organs and subsidiary bodies 551
    Genera Assembly 551
    International Court of Justice 551
    Secretariat 559
    Security Council 560
C. Intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 563
  2. International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes 563
  3. International Civil Aviation Organization 566
  4. International Labour Organization 566
  5. International Maritime Organization 566
  6. International Monetary Fund 567
  7. International Telecommunication Union 568
  8. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 568
  9. United Nations Industrial Development Organization 569
  10. Universal Postal Union 569
  11. World Bank Group 569
  12. World Health Organization 571
  13. World Intellectual Property Organization 572
  14. World Trade Organization 573
D. Other Legal Issues  
  1. Aggression 579
  2. Aviation law 581
  3. Collective security 581
  4. Commercial arbitration 582
  5. Diplomatic protection 582
  6. Disarmament 582
  7. Environmental questions 584
  8. Financing 586
  9. Friendly relations and cooperation among States 586
  10. Human rights 587
  11. International administrative law 593
  12. International commercial law 593
  13. International criminal law 594
  14. International economic law 596
  15. International terrorism 596
  16. International trade law 597
  17. International tribunals 598
  18. International waterways 607
  19. Intervention and humanitarian intervention 607
  20. Jurisdiction 611
  21. Law of armed conflict 611
  22. Law of the sea 613
  23. Law of treaties 618
  24. Membership and representation 620
  25. Natural resources 620
  26. Non-governmental organizations 621
  27. Non-self-governing territories 621
  28. Outer space law 621
  29. Peaceful settlement of disputes 622
  30. Peacekeeping and related activities 622
  31. Piracy 627
  32. Political and security questions 628
  33. Progressive development and codification of international law (in general) 629
  34. Refugees and internally displaced persons 630
  35. Rule of law 630
  36. Self-defence 631
  37. Self-determination 631
  38. State immunity 632
  39. State responsibility 632
  40. State sovereignty 632
  41. State succession 633
  42. Transitional justice 633
  43. Use of force 634
Annex. Organizational Chart of the United Nations System 636