Courts and Tribunals
International Adjudication and Arbitration
The International Judicial Function
A. Legal Instruments
Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, Between His Britannic Majesty and the United States of America (“Jay Treaty”), London, 19 November 1794.
Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice, San Francisco, 26 June 1945.
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Rome, 4 November 1950, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 213, p. 221.
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Montego Bay, 10 December 1982, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1833, p.3.
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Geneva, 30 October 1947, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 55, p. 187.
Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 2 of Security Council resolution 808 (1993) (S/25704), 3 May 1993.
Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Security Council resolution 955 (1994) of 8 November 1994.
Marrakesh Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization, Marrakesh, 1 January 1995, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1867, p. 4.
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Rome, 17 July 1998, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2187, p. 3.
International Court of Justice, The Northern Cameroons (Cameroons v. Preliminary Objections, Judgment of 2 December 1963, I.C.J. Reports 1963, p. 15.
International Court of Justice, Nuclear Tests (Australia v. France), Judgment of 20 December 1974, I.C.J. Reports 1974, p. 253.
International Court of Justice, Nuclear Tests (New Zealand v. France), Judgment of 20 December 1974, I.C.J. Reports 1974, p. 457.
International Court of Justice, Case Concerning Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. United States of America), Merits, Judgment of 27 June 1986, I.C.J. Reports 1986, p. 14.
International Court of Justice, East Timor (Portugal v. Australia), Judgment of 30 June 1995, I.C.J. Reports 1995, p. 90.
C.H.M. Waldock, “Decline of the Optional Clause”, British Yearbook of International Law, vol. 32, 1955-1956, p. 244.
W. G. Grewe, The Epochs of International Law, De Gruyter, Berlin, 2000, pp. 780.