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Mr. Rudolf Bernhardt

Mr. Rudolf Bernhardt
Professor, Max-Planck Institute for
Comparative Public Law and
International Law
Former President
European Court of Human Rights

Biography Biography in PDF

Courts and Tribunals
Regional Courts
The Role of the Judge in International and
European Law with Special Emphasis on the European Court of Human Rights
Original Lecture
English   (49 minutes)

Lecture with simultaneous interpretation
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Courts and Tribunals
Regional Courts
The Role of the Judge in International and European Law with
Special Emphasis on the European Court of Human Rights
A. Legal Instruments
Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907. (Text of the Conventions available on the website of Yale Law School’s Avalon Project)

Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice, 13 December 1920, League of Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 6, p. 389.

Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice, San Francisco, 26 June 1945.

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Rome, 4 November 1950, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 213, p. 221.

Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community, Rome, 25 March 1957, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 294, p. 17.

American Convention on Human Rights, San José, 22 November 1969, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1144, p. 144.

African Charter on Human and People’s Rights, Nairobi, 27 June 1981, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1520, p. 217.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Montego Bay, 10 December 1982, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1833, p.3.

Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 2 of Security Council resolution 808 (1993) (S/25704), 3 May 1993.

Protocol No. 11 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, restructuring the control machinery established thereby, Strasbourg, 11 May 1994.

Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Security Council resolution 955 (1994) of 8 November 1994.

Treaty Creating the Court of Justice of the Cartagena Agreement (“Andean Tribunal of Justice”), Trulillo, 10 March 1996.

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Rome, 17 July 1998, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2187, p. 3.

Protocol No. 14 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, amending the control system of the Convention, Strasbourg, 13 May 2004.

B. Jurisprudence
European Court of Human Rights, Marckx v. Belgium, no. 6833/74, Judgment of 13 June 1979.

European Court of Human Rights, Soering v. the United Kingdom, no. 14038/88, Judgment of 7 July 1989.

European Court of Human Rights, Loizidou v. Turkey, no. 15318/99, Merits, Judgment of 18 December 1996 (Grand Chamber).

European Court of Human Rights, D v. the United Kingdom, no. 30240/96, Judgment of 2 May 1997.

European Court of Human Rights, Banković and Others v. Belgium and 16 other NATO States, no. 52207/99, Decision of 12 December 2001 (Grand Chamber).

European Court of Human Rights, Bosphorus Hava Yolları Turizm ve Ticaret Anonim Şirketi v. Ireland, no. 45036/98, Judgment of 30 June 2005 (Grand Chamber).

European Court of Human Rights, Behrami and Behrami v. France (no. 71414/01) and Saramati v. France, Germany and Norway (no. 78166/01), Decision of 2 May 2007 (Grand Chamber).