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Mr. Jesse G. Kreier

Mr. Jesse Kreier
Counsellor
World Trade Organization

Biography Biography in PDF

International Economic Law
World Trade Organization (WTO)
World Trade Organization Rules on Subsidies
While subsidy disciplines are a feature of many international treaties relating to trade liberalization, the WTO's Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures arguably contains one of the most developed and important set of subsidies disciplines in international law. This lecture seeks to describe the objectives and key elements of the Agreement.

Video | Audio
(41 minutes)
International Economic Law
World Trade Organization (WTO)
World Trade Organization Rules on Subsidies
A. Legal Instruments
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Geneva, 30 October 1947, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 55, p. 187.

Agreement on Interpretation and Application of Articles VI, XVI and XXIII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (“Subsidies Code”), Geneva, 12 April 1979.

Marrakesh Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization (with final act, annexes and protocol), Marrakesh, 15 April 1994, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1867, p. 3.

Agreement on Agriculture, Annex 1A, Marrakesh Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization, Marrakesh, 15 April 1994, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1867, p. 410.

Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, Annex 1A, Marrakesh Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization, Marrakesh, 15 April 1994, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1867, p. 14.

General Agreement on Trade in Services, Annex 1B, Marrakesh Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization, Marrakesh, 15 April 1994, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1867, p. 183.
B. Jurisprudence
General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs Panel, United Kingdom Complaint on Italian Discrimination against Imported Agricultural Machinery, Panel Report L/833 of 15 July 1958, adopted on 23 October 1958, L/833 - 7S/60.

General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs Panel, Spain – Measures Concerning Domestic Sale of Soyabean Oil, Panel Report L/5142 of 17 June 1981.

General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs Panel, European Economic Community – Payments and Subsidies Paid to Processors and Producers of Oilseeds and Related Animal-Feed Proteins, Panel Report L/6627 - 37S/86 of 14 December 1989, adopted on 25 January 1990.