Selected Issues Relating to the Arctic
Lecture Notes (41.8 KB)
Related Maps of the Arctic (1.97 MB)
A. Legal Instruments
Convention between Great Britain and Russia, Saint Petersburg, 28 (16) February 1825.
The Antarctic Treaty, Washington, 1 December 1959, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 402, p. 71.
Treaty concerning the Archipelago of Spitsbergen (“Svalbard Treaty”), Paris, 9 February 1920, League of Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2(1), 1920, p. 7.
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Montego Bay, 10 December 1982, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1833, p. 3.
Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States of America on Arctic Cooperation, Ottawa, 11 January 1988, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1852, p. 59.
Canada, Order-in-Council P.C. 1985-2739, 10 September 1985.
Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. A-12.
Arbitral Tribunal, The Alaska Boundary Case (Great Britain/United States), Award of 20 October 1903, United Nations Reports of International Arbitral Awards, vol. 15, p. 481.
Permanent Court of International Justice, Legal Status of Eastern Greenland, Judgment of 5 April 1933, P.C.I.J. Series A./B, No. 53, p. 22.
International Court of Justice, Corfu Channel Case, Judgment of 9 April 1949, I.C.J. Reports 1949, p. 4.
International Court of Justice, Fisheries Case (United Kingdom v. Norway), Judgment of 18 December 1951, I.C.J. Reports 1951, p. 116.
International Court of Justice, Maritime Delimitation in the Area between Greenland and Jan Mayen, Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 1993, p. 38.
Senator Pascale Poirier, Resolution Proposal and Speech, Canadian Senate Debates, 20 February 1907.
R. Reid, “The Canadian Claim to Sovereignty over the Waters of the Arctic”, Canadian Yearbook of International Law, vol. 12, 1974, p. 111.