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Prof. Emmanuel Roucounas

Mr. Emmanuel Roucounas
Professor of International Law
University of Athens
Member of the Academy of Athens

Biography Biography in PDF

Law of the Sea
Non-State Users
Non-State Users of the Law of the Sea
The law of the sea, in order to be effectively implemented, needs, alongside the State and inter-governmental organizations, an assessment of the role of its non-State users. The latter include the ship, the shipping industry, the classification societies, the seafarers and fishers, the international community, the civil society, but also its misusers.

Original Lecture
English  (31 minutes)

Lecture with simultaneous interpretation
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Law of the Sea
Non-State Users
Non-State Users of the Law of the Sea
Outline PDF document (13.2 KB)

Prestige case, United States District Court of New York, Judgment, January 2, 2008

Erika case, Paris Tribunal de Grande Instance, January 16, 2008
Documents Referred to in the Lecture
2003, Proliferation Security Initiative, available online at

2004, International Ship and Port Security Code, IMO

2005, Common Structural Rules of Tankers and Bulk Carriers, International Association of Classification Societies
International Instruments
1973, IMO, Convention for the Prevention of Pollution by Ships

1974, IMO, Safety of Life at Sea Convention

1974, IMO, Convention for the Prevention from Maritime Pollution from Land-based Sources

1978, IMO, International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch-keeping for Seafarers

1979, IMO, International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue

1982, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

1988, Vienna Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances

1990, IMO, International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation

2001, UNESCO, Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage

2006, ILO, Consolidated Maritime Labor Convention

2007, ILO, Work in Fishing Convention
Recommended Reading
Roucounas E., “Facteurs Privés et Droit International Public”, 299, Hague Lectures, Recueil des Cours de l'Académie de Droit International de la Haye (2002), 1-419, at pp. 179-249

Roucounas E., “Effectiveness of International Law for the Users of the Sea”, 8 Cursos Euromediterraneos de Derecho Internacional 2005, forthcoming