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Mr. Donald Malcolm McRae

Mr. Donald M. McRae
Hyman Soloway Professor of Law
University of Ottawa

Biography Biography in PDF

Legal Status
Selected Issues Relating to the Arctic
Changing climatic conditions are bringing to the fore issues of navigation and the exploitation of resources in the Arctic region. Passage through waters, the limits of the continental shelf and maritime boundary delimitation, all raise questions about the appropriateness of existing legal regimes for the Arctic.

Original Lecture in English
Video | Audio
(21/5/2008, 58 minutes)

Lecture with simultaneous interpretation
Français Audio
Русский Audio
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Legal Status
Selected Issues Relating to the Arctic
Lecture Notes PDF document (41.8 KB)
Related Maps of the Arctic (1.97 MB)
A. Legal Instruments

Convention between Great Britain and Russia, Saint Petersburg, 28 (16) February 1825.

The Antarctic Treaty, Washington, 1 December 1959, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 402, p. 71.

Treaty concerning the Archipelago of Spitsbergen (“Svalbard Treaty”), Paris, 9 February 1920, League of Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2(1), 1920, p. 7.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Montego Bay, 10 December 1982, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1833, p. 3.

Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States of America on Arctic Cooperation, Ottawa, 11 January 1988, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1852, p. 59.


Canada, Order-in-Council P.C. 1985-2739, 10 September 1985.

Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. A-12.

B. Jurisprudence
Arbitral Tribunal, The Alaska Boundary Case (Great Britain/United States), Award of 20 October 1903, United Nations Reports of International Arbitral Awards, vol. 15, p. 481.

Permanent Court of International Justice, Legal Status of Eastern Greenland, Judgment of 5 April 1933, P.C.I.J. Series A./B, No. 53, p. 22.

International Court of Justice, Corfu Channel Case, Judgment of 9 April 1949, I.C.J. Reports 1949, p. 4.

International Court of Justice, Fisheries Case (United Kingdom v. Norway), Judgment of 18 December 1951, I.C.J. Reports 1951, p. 116.

International Court of Justice, Maritime Delimitation in the Area between Greenland and Jan Mayen, Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 1993, p. 38.

C. Documents
Senator Pascale Poirier, Resolution Proposal and Speech, Canadian Senate Debates, 20 February 1907.

D. Doctrine
R. Reid, “The Canadian Claim to Sovereignty over the Waters of the Arctic”, Canadian Yearbook of International Law, vol. 12, 1974, p. 111.