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Prof. John Dugard

Mr. John Dugard
Professor of International Law
Department of Public Law
Faculty of Law, Leiden University

Biography Biography in PDF

Diplomatic Protection
Diplomatic Protection
I will describe diplomatic protection, with reference to the circumstances in which a State may exercise diplomatic protection on behalf of a national, and what requirements must be met in order to exercise such protection. I shall also argue that diplomatic protection is an instrument for the protection of human rights.

Video   (48 minutes)
Diplomatic Protection
Diplomatic Protection
A. Legal Instruments
Universal Declaration on Human Rights, Paris, 10 December 1948

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Rome, 4 November 1950, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 213, p. 221.

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination,
New York, 7 March 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 660, p. 195.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, New York, 16 December 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 999, p. 171.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 16 December 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 993, p. 3.

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, New York, 18 December 1979, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1249, p. 13.

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, New York, 10 December 1984, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1465, p. 85.

International Law Commission, Articles on Diplomatic Protection, 2006.
B. Jurisprudence
International

Permanent Court of International Justice, The Mavrommatis Jerusalem Concessions, Judgment of 26 March 1925, P.C.I.J., Series A, No.5.

General Claims Commission, Harry Roberts (U.S.A) v. United Mexican States, decision of 2 November 1926, Reports of International Arbitral Awards, Vol. IV, pp. 77-81.()

International Court of Justice, Nottebohm case (second phase) (Liechtenstein v. Guatemala), Judgment of 6 April 1955, I.C.J. Reports 1955, p. 4.

International Court of Justice, Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company, Limited, Judgment of 5 February 1970, I.C.J. Reports 1970, p. 3.

International Court of Justice, United States Diplomatic and Consular Staff in Tehran (United States of America v. Iran), Judgment of 24 May 1980, I.C.J. Reports 1980, p. 3.

International Court of Justice, Case Concerning the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (Paraguay v. United States of America), Provisional Measures, Order of 9 April 1998, I.C.J. Reports 1998, p. 248.

International Court of Justice, LaGrand Case (Germany v. United States of America), Judgment of 27 June 2001, I.C.J. Reports 2001, p. 466.

International Court of Justice, Avena and Other Mexican Nationals (Mexico v. United States of America), Judgment of 31 March 2004, I.C.J. Reports 2004, p. 12.

International Court of Justice, Request for Interpretation of the Judgment of 31 March 2004 in the Case concerning Avena and Other Mexican Nationals (Mexico v. United States of America) (Mexico v. United States of America), Judgment of 19 January 2009, I.C.J. Reports 2009, p. 3.

International Court of Justice, Case Concerning Ahmadou Sadio Diallo (Republic of Guinea v. Democratic Republic of the Congo, Judgment of 30 November 2010, I.C.J. Reports 2010, p. 639.

National

Court of Appeal of England and Wales, Civil Division, Abbasi & Anor, R (on the application of) v. Secretary of State for Foreign & Commonwealth Affairs & Secretary of State for the Home Department, 6 November 2002, [2002] EWCA Civ 1598.

C. Documents