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Prof. Malcolm Shaw

Mr. Malcolm Shaw
The Sir Robert Jennings Professor of International Law
University of Leicester

Biography Biography in PDF

Boundary Delimitation
Maritime Delimitation 
Principles of Maritime Delimitation
Of particular importance in boundary issues is the question of the delimitation of maritime boundaries. The major applicable principles, as they have evolved in caselaw and treaties, will be briefly outlined in this lecture.


Original Lecture
English  (37 minutes)

Lecture with simultaneous interpretation
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Territorial Disputes
The International Legal Principles Relating
to Territorial Disputes:
The Acquisition of Title to Territory
Despite globalisation, territorial sovereignty remains at the heart of international law while the rules that evolved to regulate the acquisition and loss of territory remain of critical importance. This lecture will review succinctly the leading principles as laid down in case law and international practice.

Video    (48 minutes)


Settling Territorial Disputes
Recognising the importance of the international regulation of territorial disputes, international law has established a range of mechanisms for peaceful settlement. Whether binding in law as such or not or involving third parties such as courts or international organisations or not, such mechanisms will be briefly reviewed in this lecture.

Video    (44 minutes)
Boundary Delimitation
Maritime Delimitation 
Principles of Maritime Delimitation
Outline of Lecture (17.2 KB)

Related Documents
North Sea Continental Shelf cases, ICJ Reports, 1969, p. 3

Gulf of Maine, ICJ Reports, 1984, p. 246

Nicaragua v Honduras, ICJ Reports, 2007

Qatar v Bahrein, ICJ Reports, 2001, p. 40

Guyana/Suriname, 17 September 2007

Barbados/Trinidad and Tobago, 11 April 2006

Anglo-French Continental Shelf, 54 ILR, p. 6

Tunisia/Libya, ICJ Reports, 1982, p. 18

Libya/Malta, ICJ Reports, 1985, p. 13

St. Pierre and Miquelon (Canada/France), 95 ILR, p. 645

Jan Mayen (Denmark v Norway), ICJ Reports, 1993, p. 38

Guinea/Guinea Bissau, 77 ILR, p. 636

Cameroon v Nigeria, ICJ Reports, 2002, p. 303
Recommended Reading
UN Handbook on the Delimitation of Maritime Boundaries, New York, 2000;

Nuno Antunes, Towards the Conceptualisation of Maritime Delimitation, The Hague, 2003;

Churchill and Lowe, Law of the Sea, chapter 10;

M. D. Evans, Relevant Circumstances and Maritime Delimitation, Oxford, 1989;

P. Weil, The Law of Maritime Delimitation – Reflections, Cambridge, 1989

International Maritime Boundaries (eds. J. I. Charney and L. M. Alexander), Washington, vols. I–III, 1993–8, and ibid. (eds. J. I. Charney and R. W. Smith), vol. IV, 2002 and ibid (eds. D. A. Colson and R. W. Smith), vol V, 2005, The Hague;

Maritime Delimitation (eds. R. Lagoni and D. Vignes), Leiden, 2006;

M.N. Shaw, International Law, 6th ed., 2008, Chapter 11;

Y. Tanaka, Predictability and Flexibility in the Law of Maritime Delimitation, Oxford, 2006.


Territorial Disputes
International Legal Principles Relating to Territorial Disputes
(The Rules Governing the Acquisition of Title to Territory)
Outline of Lecture PDF document (13.5 KB)
A. Legal Instruments
Treaty of Paris, Paris, 10 December 1898.

Franco-Siamese Treaty of 1904, Paris, 13 February 1904.

Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice, Geneva, 13 December 1920, League of Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 6, p. 390.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, New York, 16 December 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 993, p. 3.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, New York, 16 December 1966, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 999, p. 171.

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Vienna, 23 May 1969, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1155, p. 331.
B. Documents
General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960 (Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples).

Organization of African Unity, Border Disputes Among African States, Resolutions Adopted by the First Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government, Cairo, 17-21 July 1964, AHG/Res. 16(I).

Security Council resolution 242 (1967) of 22 November 1967.

General Assembly resolution 2625 (XXV) of 24 October 1970 (Declaration of Principles of Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations).

Conference on Yugoslavia, Arbitration Commission, Opinion No. 2, 11 January 1992 (reproduced in International Law Reports, vol. 92, 2003, p. 167).


Settling Territorial Disputes
Outline of Lecture (13.5 KB)

Leading Cases
Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, ICJ Reports, 1996, p. 226;

Alabama Claims, J. B. Moore, International Arbitrations, Washington, DC, 1898, vol. I, p. 495;

Behring Sea, J. B. Moore, International Arbitrations, Washington, DC, 1898, vol. I, p. 755;

North-Eastern Boundary, C.C. Hyde, International Law, 2nd ed., 1945, vol. III, p. 1636;

British Guinea v Venezuala Boundary, 92 BFSP, p. 160;

Larsen v Hawaiian Kingdom, 119 ILR, p. 566;

Mox, 41 ILM, 2002, p. 405;

Rann of Kutch, 50 ILR, p. 520;

Beagle Channel, 52 ILR, p. 267;

Niger/Benin, ICJ Reports, 2005, p. 90;

Corfu Channel, ICJ Reports, 1949, p. 4;

Aegean Sea Continental Shelf, ICJ Reports, 1978, p. 3;

Eritrea/Ethiopia, 130 ILR, p. 1;

Eritrea/Yemen, 114 ILR, p. 1;

Taba (Egypt/Israel), 80 ILR, p. 224;

El Salvador/Honduras (Nicaragua Intervening), ICJ Reports, 1992, p. 351;

Libya/Chad, ICJ Reports, 1994, p. 6;

Cameroon v Nigeria, ICJ Reports, 2002, p. 303.
Recommended Reading
M. N. Shaw, International Law, Cambridge, 6th ed., 2008, chapter 18;

J. G. Merrills, International Dispute Settlement, 4th edn, Cambridge, 2005;

F. Orrego Vicuña, International Dispute Settlement in an Evolving Global Society: Constitutionalization, Accessibility, Privatization, Cambridge, 2004;

J. Collier and V. Lowe, The Settlement of Disputes in International Law, Cambridge, 1999;

United Nations, Handbook on the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes Between States, New York, 1992;