Codification Division Publications: United Nations Juridical Yearbook Codification Division Publications: United Nations Juridical Yearbook

Last update: January 24, 2018

1978

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Part One. Legal status of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations

Chapter I. Legislative texts concerning the legal status of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations View PDF file
  1. Botswana  
    Diplomatic Immunities and Privileges Act  
    (a) Diplomatic Immunities and Privileges Designation of Organizations and Conferment of Immunities and Privileges Order, 1978 3
    (b) Diplomatic Immunities and Privileges (Conferment of Personal Immunities and Privileges) Order, 1978 4
  2. Canada  
    Privileges and Immunities (International Organizations) Act  
      FAO Privileges and Immunities Order 5
  3. Philippines  
      Note No. 78-2839 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 6
  4. United States of America  
    (a) Amendments to the United States Code of Federal Regulations 7
    (b) Ruling relating to Internal Revenue Code Section 61 8
Chapter II. Treaty provisions concerning the legal status of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations   View PDF file
A. Treaty provisions concerning the legal status of the United Nations  
  1. Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations. Approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 13 February 1946 10
  2. Agreements relating to installations and meetings 10
  3. Agreements relating to the United Nations Development Programme: Standard basic agreement concerning assistance by the United Nations Development Programme 33
  4. Agreements concerning assistance from the World Food Programme 34
B. Treaty provisions concerning the legal status of intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies. Approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 21 November 1947 35
  2. International Labour Organisation 35
  3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 36
  4. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 37
  5. World Health Organization 37

Part Two. Legal activities of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations

Chapter III. General review of the legal activities of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations  View PDF file
A. General review of the legal activities of the United Nations  
  1. Disarmament and related matters 41
  2. Other political and security questions 65
  3. Economic, social and humanitarian questions 68
  4. Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea 75
  5. International Court of Justice 77
  6. International Law Commission 81
  7. United Nations Commission on International Trade Law 82
  8. Legal questions dealt with by the Sixth Committee of the General Assembly and by ad hoc legal bodies 83
  9. United Nations Institute for Training and Research 86
B. General review of the legal activities of intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. International Labour Organization 86
  2. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 87
  3. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 90
  4. International Civil Aviation Organization 97
  5. World Bank 99
  6. International Monetary Fund 100
  7. World Health Organization 103
  8. World Meteorological Organization 104
  9. Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization 105
Chapter IV. Treaties concerning international law concluded under the auspices of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations  View PDF file
A. Treaties concerning international law concluded under the auspices of the United Nations  
  1. United Nations Conference on Succession of States in respect of Treaties (Vienna, 4 April – 6 May 1977 and 31 July – 23 August 1978 106
  2. United Nations Conference on the Carriage of Goods by Sea (Hamburg, 6 – 31 March 1978) 122
Chapter V. Decisions of Administrative Tribunals of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations  View PDF file
A. Decisions of the Administrative Tribunal of the United Nations  
  1. Judgement No. 231 (9 October 1978): Gaudoin v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Request for rescission of a decision denying application of a a retroactive salary scale issued after the effective date of applicant's resignation—Question of the receivability of the application 135
  2. Judgement No. 232 (12 October 1978): Dias v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Request for rescission of a decision denying validation of non-contributory services performed prior to eligibility for participation in the Pension Fund—Question of the receivability of the application 136
  3. Judgement No. 233 (13 October 1978): Teixeira v. Secretary-General af the United Nations  
      Legal status of an individual having worked during 10 years for the Organization under successive special service agreements—Allegations of mis ase of procedure and violation of general principles of international law—Entitlement to a termination indemnity 137
  4. Judgement No. 234 (18 October 1978): Johnson v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Request that the Tribunal specify the date to be taken for calculation of the amount in Swiss francs of compensation awarded as reparation under an earlier judgement—An interpretation favourable to the Applicant of the staff rule relating to the education grant cannot be contested after compensation has been awarded as reparation 138
  5. Judgement No. 235 (20 October 1978): Mathur v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application contesting a reprimand delivered under staff rule  110.3—Nonobservance of the prescribed time-limit for lodging an internal appeal—Confirmation of the decision of the Joint Appeals Board that the appeal was not receivable, since there had been no exceptional circumstances beyond the Applicant's control 139
  6. Judgement No. 236 (20 October 1978): Belchamber v. Secretary-General of the United Nations  
      Application contesting the introduction of a new salary scale for General Service staff in Geneva to replace a scale established following negotiations between the administrations concerned and the representatives of the staff—Did the Secretary-General have a statutory or contractual, express or implied, obligation to negotiate with the staff representatives before introducing the new scale?—Effect of the establishment of the International Civil Service Commission on earlier practice in that field—Obligation of the Secretary-General to hold consultations with the staff representatives concerning the ICSC recommendations—Refusal of the staff representatives to co-operate either at the stage of the drafting of the ICSC recommendations or of the discussion of those recommendations 140
B. Decisions of the Administrative Tribunal of the International Labour Organization  
  1. Judgement No. 331 (8 May 1978): Ledrut v. International Patent Institute 142
  2. Judgement No. 332 (8 May 1978): Sikka v. World Health Organizaiion 142
  3. Judgement No. 333 (8 May 1978): Cuvillier v. International Labour Organisation  
      Complaint impugning a decision taken on the recommendation of an Appeals Committee which had not considered the full dossier of the case—Quashing of the impugned decision 142
  4. Judgement No. 334 (8 May 1978): Caglar v. International Telecommunication Union  
      Complaint impugning a decision to terminate an appointment when a post was abolished—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision 143
  5. Judgement No. 335 (8 May 1978): Dauksch v. International Patent Institute  
      Request for the substitution of a new "place of origin" for that determined at the time of recruitment—Concept of "place of origin"—Discretionary power conferred on the Director-General by the relevant provision of the Staff Regulations 143
  6. Judgement No. 336 (8 May 1978): Hayward v. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations  
      Irreceivability of a complaint not referring to a final administrative decision—Article VII of the Statute of the Tribunal 144
  7. Judgement No. 337 (8 May 1978): Fraser v. International Labour Organisation  
      Complaint impugning a decision not to extend a fixed-term appointment—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision 144
  8. Judgement No. 338 (8 May 1978): Stankov v. World Health Organization  
      Dismissal of a complaint impugning a decision declaring an internal appeal irreceivable on the ground that it was time-barred 144
  9. Judgement No. 339 (8 May 1978): Kennedy v. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations   
      Cancellation, after acceptance by the complainant, of a document defining the terms of his appointment—Question of the Tribunal's jurisdiction— Comparison between the resolution concerning the defendant organization's acceptance of the Tribunal's jurisdiction and article II, paragraph 5, of the Tribunal's State—Question of the receivability of the complaint in view of the rule concerning exhaustion of internal means of redress—Conclusion of the Tribunal that the document in question constituted a binding contract for a conditional appointment 144
  10. Judgement No. 340 (8 May 1978): Biggio, Van Moer, Ramboer, Hoornaert, Bogaert, Descamps and Dekeirel v. International Patent Institute  
      Complaint impugning a decision establishing a promotion list— Limits of the Tribunal 's power of review with regard to such a decision 146
  11. Judgement No. 341 (8 May 1978): Lee v. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations  
      Request for the reimbursement of travel expenses on the ground that the Organization had neglected its obligation to inform staff members of a change in the provisions governing home leave 146
  12. Judgement No. 342 (8 May 1978): Price v. Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) (World Health Organization)  
      Complaint concerning reclassification of a post—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision—Quashing of the decision because it lacked a proper basis of fact, was based on irrelevant matters or was tainted by irregularity—Decision of the Tribunal ordering the reclassification in question 146
  13. Judgement No. 343 (8 May 1978): Osuna Sanz v. International Labour Organisation  
      Complaint impugning a decision not to renew a fixed-term contract—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision 147
  14. Judgement No. 344 (8 May 1978): Callewaert v. International Pate it Institute  
      Complaint concerning the conditions of membership in the sickness insurance scheme provided for in the Staff Regulations for spouses of staff members—Existence of difference of treatment on grounds of sex—Refus U by the Tribunal to allow application of provisions establishing discriminât ion which offended against the general principles of the law and particular!; of the international civil service 147
  15. Judgement No. 345 (8 May 1978): Diabasana v. World Health Organization  
      Complaint impugning a decision of dismissal for disciplinary reasons—Refusal of the Tribunal to assess the appropriateness of such a measure except in cases of disproportion between the misconduct and the sanction imposed 148
  16. Judgement No. 346 (8 May 1978): Savioli v. World Meteorological Organization  
      Complaint impugning a decision terminating a permanent appointment on the ground of abolition of post—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision—Abolition of a post is in order only when it is based on objective reasons relating to the functioning of the Organization—Scope of obligations incumbent on the Administration 148
  17. Judgement No. 347 (8 May 1978): Tyberghien v. International Patent Institute  
      Complaint impugning a decision concerning the date from which a promotion should take retroactive effect—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision—Principle of equality of treatment of staff members 149
  18. Judgement No. 348 (8 May 1978): Dauksch v. International Patent Institute  
      Complaint impugning a decision refusing a promotion— Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision—Principle of equality of treatment of staff members 149
  19. Judgement No. 349 (8 May 1978): Diaz Acevedo v. European Southern Observatory (ESO)  
      Complaint impugning a decision to dismiss the person concerned on the ground of his attitude, which the organization deemed unacceptable—Alleged failure to comply with the rule of the exhaustion of internal means of redress—Difference between standards of behaviour required of staff according to whether they are collaborating on a hierarchical basis or negotiating conditions of employment—The Administration's discretionary powe with regard to the choice of disciplinary penalties to be imposed in the case of a breach of discipline is subordinate to the principle of proportionality between the offence and the penalty 150
  20. Judgement No. 350 (13 November 1978): Verdrager v. World Health Organization  
      Application for review of a judgement of the Tribunal— Irreceivability of such an application other than in exceptional circumstances, such as the emergence of new facts of decisive importance 151
  21. Judgement No. 351 (13 November 1978): Pibouleau v. World Health Organization  
      Complaint impugning a decision not to renew a contract taken, according to the organization, for reasons of economy—Rejection of the allegation that the impugned decision was taken in breach of the Staff Rules and of the Conventions and Recommendations of the International Labour Organisation 151
  22. Judgement No. 352 (13 November 1978): Peeters v. International Patent Institute  
      Complaint impugning a decision relating to the content of a periodic report—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision—The advisory bodies called upon to give their opinion on the matter to the Director-General enjoy the same freedom of assessment as the Director-General 151
  23. Judgement No. 353 (13 November 1978): Bastani v. International Centre for Advanced Technical and Vocational Training (International Labour Organisation)  
      Request for reinstatement submitted by a staff member who resigned after having been suspended—Power of any supervisor to suspend a staff member from duty forthwith and without formality in view of the temporary nature of such a measure, in the interests of the Organization 152
  24. Judgement No. 354 (13 November 1978): Shalevv. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization  
      Complaint impugning a decision not to renew a fixed-term contract—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision—Prior demotion on disciplinary grounds is one of the elements which can legitimately be taken into consideration in determining whether or not it is in the interest of the Organization to extend a staff member's appointment 152
  25. Judgement No. 355 (13 November 1978): Leveugle and Berney v. International Labour Organisation  
      Request for a reclassification of posts in view of the duties relating thereto—Referral of the decisions in question to the Director-General 153
  26. Judgement No. 356 (13 November 1978): Chen v. World Health Organization  
      Complaint impugning a decision not to renew a contract— Failure to observe the rule relating to the exhaustion of internal remedies—Irreceivability of the complaint 153
  27. Judgement No. 357 (13 November 1978): Asp v. International Labour Organisation  
      Complaint concerning the calculation of compensation owed for accumulated leave in the light of the coming into effect, six months prior to the cessation of service of the person concerned, of a new régime pertaining to this—Notion of acquired rights—Principle of non-retroactivity whereby facts and events which were completed at the time of the entry into force of a new statutory régime shall be governed by the rules pertaining to the previous régime. 153
  28. Judgement No. 358 (13 November 1978): Landi v. International Centre for Advanced Technical and Vocational Training (International Labour Organisation)  
      Complaint regarding a refusal to extend an appointment beyond the age limit set by the Staff Regulations—Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision 154
  29. Judgement No. 359 (13 November 1978): Djoehana v. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations  
      Complaint impugning a decision not to renew a contract— Limits of the Tribunal's power of review with regard to such a decision—Deficiency of the dossier concerning the professional behaviour of the staff member during his last two years of service and the nature of the duties performed by him during that period—Quashing of the impugned decision on the ground of ibuse of authority 154
  30. Judgement No. 360 (13 November 1978): Breuckmann v. European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol Agency)  
      Complaint seeking the application, by analogy, of the régime in effect within the European Communities regarding pension rights to the case of the person concerned—Scope of the principle whereby the claims submitted to the Tribunal and the claims in the internal appeal must be the same—Application by analogy, within an organization, of the régime applicable in another organization is justified only if the applicable text contains a gap due to in oversight 154
  31. Judgement No. 361 (13 November 1978): Schofield v. World Health Organization  
      Complaint impugning decisions considered prejudicial by the Complainant—Obligation of the Organization to respect the dignity and reputation of staff members and not cause them unnecessary personal distress—This obligation may be breached even if there has been no irregular decision—The Tribunal orders compensation for moral prejudice only in exceptional circumstances when the injury is of a kind likely to impair a staff member's career 155
  32. Judgement No. 362 (13 November 1978): Alonso v. Pan American Hi alth Organization (PAHO) (World Health Organization)  
      Complaint seeking payment by the Organization of fees of legal counsel retained on behalf of two staff members and at their request by a staff member holding the post of chairperson of a subcommittee of the Staff Association—Complaint is outside the Tribunal's jurisdiction—Article II of the Statute 156
  33. Judgement No. 363 (13 November 1978): Ghaffar v. World Health Organization  
      Complaint concerning the payment of an installation allowance— Provision, following a recommendation of the internal board of appeal, of an additional sum considered by the Organization to end the dispute—Obligation of the Director-General to conform to the Staff Rules in calculating the allowances due to staff members—A provision that the Organization may authorize an allowance if certain conditions are fulfilled gives the Administration the power to determine whether or not the conditions are fulfilled but not to withhold the payment when the conditions are fulfilled 156
  34. Judgement No. 364 (13 November 1978): Fournier d'Albe v. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization  
      Complaint regarding the validation of a period of service for pension purposes—Question of the receivability of the complaint ratione materiae—Consideration of the conclusion of the internal appeals body concerning the irreceivability of the complaint because of the failure to submit it in time 157
  35. Judgement No. 365 (13 November 1978): Lamadie and Kraanen v. International Patent Institute  
      Complaints concerning the applicability to the staff members concerned of the new conditions of employment resulting from the conclusion of an inter-State agreement—Competence of the Tribunal to consider the complaints—Concept of acquired rights in respect of remuneration, promotion and retirement 158
  36. Judgement No. 366 (13 November 1978): Biggio, Vanmoer and Fournier v. International Patent Institute 160
  37. Judgement No. 367 (13 November 1978): Sita Ram v. World Health Organization  
      Complaint impugning a transfer decision—Quashing of the decision on the grounds of prejudice and incomplete consideration of the facts—Compensation for the moral prejudice suffered by the complainant 160
Chapter VI. Selected legal opinions of the secretariats of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations  View PDF file
A. Legal opinions of the Secretariat of the United Nations (issued or prepared by the Office of Legal Affairs) [see also: additional legal opinions]  
  1. Question of the financing of UNIFIL during the period between its establishment by Security Council resolution 425 (1978) of 19 March 1978 and the convening of the thirty-third regular session of the General Assembly—Requirement under General Assembly resolutions relating to unforeseen and extraordinary expenses that, in case commitments should arise in an estimated total exceeding $10 million during the intervening period, a special session of the Assembly be convened to consider the matter—Question whether the matter of the financing of UNIFIL could be dealt with through inclusion of a supplementary item, at the suggestion of the Secretary-General under rule 18 of the rules of procedure of the General Assembly, in the agenda of an already planned special session to deal with a different question 162
  2. Question of the participation in plenary meetings of the special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament of non-member States and specialized agencies 164
  3. Modalities of holding a joint meeting of two Main Committees of the General Assembly 166
  4. Question whether the Fourth Committee is competent to grant a hearing to a representative of the Puerto Rican Socialist Party notwithstanding the fact that Puerto Rico is not included in the list of territories approved by the General Assembly to which the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples currently applies 167
  5. Contribution of non-member States, under regulation 5.9 of the Financial Rules and Regulations of the United Nations, to the expenses of "treaty bodies" of which they are members and of organs of Conferences in which they participate—Meaning of the term "participate" in the context of regulation 5.9—Question whether the expenses referred to in that regulation are limited to those incurred in the holding of the meetings of the organs or conferences concerned 169
  6. Eventuality of proposals involving expenditures being voted on at the tenth special session of the General Assembly—Question whether, should that eventuality materialize, the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions and the Fifth Committee should be convened in the light of rule 153 of the rules of procedure of the General Assembly 172
  7. Committee established under General Assembly resolution 32/174—Question whether the Committee on Conferences has the competence, under its terms of reference and in the light of the criteria adopted by the General Assembly in resolution 3415 (XXX), to authorize the provision of meeting records for the said Committee 173
  8. Meetings of the bureaux of the Commission on Human Settlements and of the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme—Question whether the travel expenses of the members of the bureaux should be met by the Governments concerned or by the United Nations—Criteria set forth in General Assembly resolution 1798 (XVII) 176
  9. Visit of a Working Group of the Commission on Human Rights to the country designated in its terms of reference—Question whether such a visit requires the participation of all the members of the Group—Applicability of the rule on quorum of the rules of procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council 178
  10. Sessional Working Group of the Economic and Social Council on reports from parties to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights—Question whether the sessional Working Group should be composed exclusively of members of the Council that are parties to the Covenant 179
  11. Question of the inclusion in the agenda of the Economic Commission for Europe of an item proposed by a State member of the Commission—Duty of the Executive Secretary of the Commission, under rule 5 of the Commission's rules of procedure, to include an item so proposed in the provisional agenda after consultation with the Chairman—Meaning of the word "consultation" in this context 180
  12. Economic Commission for Western Asia—Question of the postponement of the Commission's fifth session scheduled to be held in 1978—Under economic and Social Council resolution 1768 (LIV), a decision of the Commission to postpone that session to 1979 should be submitted to the Council for its concurrence—Requirement, under Council decision 279 (LXIII), that proposals or changes in the established pattern of sessions of subsidiary bodies be submitted to the Council for its consideration 181
  13. Question of the participation of intergovernmental and non-govenmental organizations in the Economic Commission for Western Asia (ECWA) 181
  14. Preparatory Committee of the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development—Possible implications with respect to the composition of the Committee's bureau of the decision of the General Assembly to open full membership in the Committee to all States 183
  15. Preparatory Committee for the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development—Question whether the Committee on Conferences is competent under its terms of reference to take affirmative action on a request that Arabic be included as a language of the Preparatory Committee at its future sessions—Arrangements approved by the General Assembly in relation to the provision of Arabic interpretation services 184
  16. Immunity from legal process of the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund, a subsidiary organ of the United Nations, under article II, section 2 of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations—Immunity of United Nations officials from legal process in respect of acts performed in their official capacity, under article V, section 18 of the said Convention 186
  17. Question of the exemption from real estate tax of a residential property in the host State occupied by a member of a Permanent Mission to the United Nations—Relevant provisions of the Headquarters agreement and of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations 187
  18. Section 13 (b) of the agreement concerning the Headquarters of the United Nations of 26 June 1947—Interpretation of the concept of prior consultation in relation to a request made by the host State for the departure from its territory of a permanent representative to the United Nations—Distinction between consultation and agreement or concurrence 189
  19. Question whether United Nations officials can testify under oath in domestic courts consistently with their obligations under the Staff Regulations—United Nations practice with regard to provision to courts of unprivileged information in its possession which may be needed in judicial proceedings 191
  20. Membership drive conducted by a national trade union for enrolling local employees of international organizations—Right to freedom of association of all United Nations staff members—The employment relationship between the United Nations and its staff is governed exclusively by the applicable United Nations staff régime—Exclusive status of staff representatives under chapter 8 of the United Nations Staff Regulations 192
  21. Ineligibility of United Nations employees for unemployment insurance compensation 195
  22. Convention on the Agency for Cultural and Technical Co-operation—The designation in the Convention of an authority responsible for registration with the Secretariat of the United Nations does not relieve States parties which are Members of the United Nations of the obligation incumbent on them under Article 102 of the Charter—Problem resulting from the taking into account, for the purpose of the entry into force of the Convention, of signatures which the States concerned intended to be considered subject to ratification 196
  23. Registration of treaties with the Secretariat in accordance with the General Assembly regulations to give effect to Article 102 of the Charter—Practice developed by the Secretariat with a view to reflecting in the register any subsequent action affecting a registered treaty even in the absence of a certified statement under article 2 of the regulations 197
  24. Question whether unilateral declarations deposited by Member States in response to General Assembly resolution 32/64 relating to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment constitute binding undertakings in international law 198
  25. Convention providing a Uniform Law for Cheques of 19 March 1931—Question whether a State party to the Convention may, subsequent to the deposit of its instrument of accession, make reservations which under the terms of the Convention may be made only at the time of accession or ratification—Procedure whereby the proposed reservations would be communicated to the States parties and considered to have taken effect, in the absence of any objection, upon the expiry of 90 days from the date of communication 199
B. Legal opinions of the Secretariats of Intergovernmental Organizations related to the United Nations  
  1. International Labour Organisation  
      Memorandum on the Migrant Workers (Supplementary Provisions) Convention, 1975 (No. 143) 200
  2. World Bank  
      Meaning of article 2, sections 2 (a) and 9 (a) and (b) of the Bank's articles of agreement upon the entry into force of the second amendment to the articles of agreement of the International Monetary Fund 201

Part Three. Judicial decisions on questions relating to the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations

Chapter VII. Decisions and advisory opinions of international tribunals View PDF file
Chapter VIII. Decisions of national tribunals  View PDF file
  1. Sweden  
      Note dated 23 July 1979 from the Permanent Mission of Sweden to the United Nations 210
  2. United States of America  
      United States District Court, Southern District of New York Perlita Diza Winthal and Natividad Diza v. Ruben Mendez, Mrs. Ruben Mendez, I. G. Patel and Mrs. I. G. Patel: decision of 18 April 1978  
      Action instituted by household employees of United Nations officials, admitted in the United States under a G-5 visa—Question whether local minimum wage law should be deemed to apply to such non-immigrant aliens—Differentiation made by the United States Congress with respect to employment of non-immigrant aliens between diplomatic or semi-diplomatic and non-diplomatic employers—Question whether all aliens are entitled to enjoy all the advantages of citizenship 210

Part Four. Bibliography

Bibliography View PDF file
Legal bibliography of the United Nations and related intergovernmental organizations 215
A. International organizations in general  
  1. General 216
  2. Particular questions 216
B. United Nations  
  1. General 217
  2. Particular organs  
      Administrative Tribunal 218
      General Assembly 218
      International Court of Justice 219
      Secretariat 220
      Security Council 221
      United Nations Forces 221
  3. Particular questions or activities  
      Charter review 221
      Collective security 222
      Commercial arbitration 222
      Definition of agression 223
      Diplomatic relations 223
      Disarmament 223
      Environmental questions 225
      Financing 226
      Friendly relations and co-operation among States 226
      Human rights 226
      International criminal law 230
      International economic law 231
      International terrorism 233
      International trade law 234
      International waterways 236
      Intervention 236
      Law of the sea 237
      Law of treaties 242
      Law of war 243
      Maintenance of peace 246
      Membership and representation 247
      Most-favoured-nation clause 247
      Namibia 247
      Narcotic drugs 247
      Natural resources 248
      Outer space 248
      Peaceful settlement of disputes 250
      Political and security questions 251
      Progressive development and codification of international law (general) 251
      Recognition of States 251
      Right of asylum 252
      Self-defence 252
      Self-determination 252
      Social defense 253
      State responsibility 253
      State sovereignty 253
      State succession 254
      Technical co-operation 254
      Trade and development 254
      Trusteeship 256
      Use of force 256
C. Intergovernmental organizations related to the United Nations  
   Particular organizations  
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 257
    General Agreement on Tariffs and Trades 259
    Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization 259
    International Atomic Energy Agency 260
    International Civil Aviation Organization 260
    International Labour Organization 263
    International Monetary Fund 264
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 266
    World Bank 266
      International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes 267
    World Health Organization 267
    World Intellectual Property Organization 268